Use adjacent_difference to convert elements in a container into relative values : adjacent_difference « STL Algorithms Helper « C++

Use adjacent_difference to convert elements in a container into relative values

/* The following code example is taken from the book
 * "The C++ Standard Library - A Tutorial and Reference"
 * by Nicolai M. Josuttis, Addison-Wesley, 1999
 * (C) Copyright Nicolai M. Josuttis 1999.
 * Permission to copy, use, modify, sell and distribute this software
 * is granted provided this copyright notice appears in all copies.
 * This software is provided "as is" without express or implied
 * warranty, and with no claim as to its suitability for any purpose.

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <deque>
#include <list>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iterator>
#include <functional>
#include <numeric>

 * - prints optional C-string optcstr followed by
 * - all elements of the collection coll
 * - separated by spaces
template <class T>
inline void PRINT_ELEMENTS (const T& coll, const char* optcstr="")
    typename T::const_iterator pos;

    std::cout << optcstr;
    for (pos=coll.begin(); pos!=coll.end(); ++pos) {
        std::cout << *pos << ' ';
    std::cout << std::endl;

/* INSERT_ELEMENTS (collection, first, last)
 * - fill values from first to last into the collection
 * - NOTE: NO half-open range
template <class T>
inline void INSERT_ELEMENTS (T& coll, int first, int last)
    for (int i=first; i<=last; ++i) {

using namespace std;

int main()
    vector<int> coll;

    PRINT_ELEMENTS(coll,"coll:     ");

    // convert into relative values
    adjacent_difference (coll.begin(), coll.end(),   // source
                         coll.begin());              // destination
    PRINT_ELEMENTS(coll,"relative: ");

coll:     17 -3 22 13 13 -9
relative: 17 -20 25 -9 0 -22


Related examples in the same category

1.adjacent_difference: print all differences between elements
2.adjacent_difference: print all sums with the predecessors
3.adjacent_difference: print all products between elements
4.adjacent_difference( ) returns a new sequence in which each element is the difference between adjacent elements in the original sequence.