InputStream to String and Byte array : Byte Array « File Input Output « Java

InputStream to String and Byte array

 * Copyright
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0:
//package org.wiztools.commons;

import java.nio.ByteBuffer;
import java.nio.CharBuffer;
import java.nio.channels.Channels;
import java.nio.channels.ReadableByteChannel;
import java.nio.channels.WritableByteChannel;
import java.nio.charset.Charset;
import java.nio.charset.CharsetDecoder;
import java.nio.charset.MalformedInputException;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

 * Common operations on objects.
 * @author subwiz
public final class StreamUtil {

    private static final Logger LOG = Logger.getLogger(StreamUtil.class.getName());

    private StreamUtil(){}

    private static CharBuffer decodeHelper(byte[] byteArray, int numberOfBytes, java.nio.charset.Charset charset) throws IOException {
        CharsetDecoder decoder = charset.newDecoder();
        CharBuffer charBuffer = null;
        try {
            charBuffer = decoder.decode(ByteBuffer.wrap(byteArray, 0,
        } catch (MalformedInputException ex) {
            charBuffer = null;
        return charBuffer;


     * Reads the stream and generates a String content using the charset specified.
     * Stream will be closed at the end of the operation.
     * @param in InputStream as the input.
     * @param charset The charset to use to create the String object.
     * @return The output String.
     * @throws IOException
    public static String inputStream2String(final InputStream is,
            final Charset charset) throws IOException {
            StringBuilder out = new StringBuilder();
            byte[] b = new byte[4096];
            byte[] savedBytes = new byte[1];
            boolean hasSavedBytes = false;
            CharsetDecoder decoder = charset.newDecoder();
            for (int n; (n = != -1;) {
                if (hasSavedBytes) {
                    byte[] bTmp = new byte[savedBytes.length + b.length];
                    System.arraycopy(savedBytes, 0, bTmp, 0,
                    System.arraycopy(b, 0, bTmp, savedBytes.length, b.length);
                    b = bTmp;
                    hasSavedBytes = false;
                    n = n + savedBytes.length;

                CharBuffer charBuffer = decodeHelper(b, n, charset);
                if (charBuffer == null) {
                    int nrOfChars = 0;
                    while (charBuffer == null) {
                        charBuffer = decodeHelper(b, n - nrOfChars, charset);
                        if (nrOfChars > 10 && nrOfChars < n) {
                            try {
                                charBuffer = decoder.decode(ByteBuffer.wrap(b,
                                        0, n));
                            } catch (MalformedInputException ex) {
                                throw new IOException(
                                        "File not in supported encoding (" +
                                        charset.displayName() + ")", ex);
                    savedBytes = new byte[nrOfChars];
                    hasSavedBytes = true;
                    for (int i = 0; i < nrOfChars; i++) {
                        savedBytes[i] = b[n - nrOfChars + i];

                charBuffer.rewind(); // Bring the buffer's pointer to 0
            if (hasSavedBytes) {
                try {
                    CharBuffer charBuffer = decoder.decode(ByteBuffer.wrap(savedBytes, 0, savedBytes.length));
                } catch (MalformedInputException ex) {
                    throw new IOException(
                            "File not in supported encoding (" + charset.displayName() + ")",
            return out.toString();
            if(is != null){

     * Reads the InputStream and creates a byte[] of the content. The stream
     * will be closed at the end of operation.
     * @param is The input InputStream.
     * @return The byte[] of the content read.
     * @throws IOException
    public static byte[] inputStream2Bytes(final InputStream is) throws IOException{
            ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            byte[] buf = new byte[1024*8];
            int len = -1;
            while((len =!=-1){
                baos.write(buf, 0, len);
            return baos.toByteArray(); // baos doesn't need close!

     * Copies the content read from InputStream to OutputStream. Uses the NIO Channels to copy.
     * @param is The InputStream that is read.
     * @param os The OutputStream where the data is written.
     * @throws IOException
    public static void copy(final InputStream is, final OutputStream os) throws IOException {
        final ReadableByteChannel inChannel = Channels.newChannel(is);
        final WritableByteChannel outChannel = Channels.newChannel(os);

            final ByteBuffer buffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(65536);
            while(true) {
                int bytesRead =;
                if(bytesRead == -1) break;
                while(buffer.hasRemaining()) outChannel.write(buffer);
        finally {
            try{inChannel.close();}catch(IOException ex){LOG.log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);}
            try{outChannel.close();}catch(IOException ex){LOG.log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);}


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