Creates element node, attribute node, comment node, processing instruction and a CDATA section : DOM Edit « XML « Java

Creates element node, attribute node, comment node, processing instruction and a CDATA section


 * (C) Copyright 2002 by Deitel & Associates, Inc. and         *
 * Prentice Hall. All Rights Reserved.                         *
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 * DISCLAIMER: The authors and publisher of this book have     *
 * used their best efforts in preparing the book. These        *
 * efforts include the development, research, and testing of   *
 * the theories and programs to determine their effectiveness. *
 * The authors and publisher make no warranty of any kind,     *
 * expressed or implied, with regard to these programs or to   *
 * the documentation contained in these books. The authors     *
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 * arising out of, the furnishing, performance, or use of      *
 * these programs.                                             *

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.transform.Result;
import javax.xml.transform.Source;
import javax.xml.transform.Transformer;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerException;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactoryConfigurationError;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;

import org.w3c.dom.Attr;
import org.w3c.dom.CDATASection;
import org.w3c.dom.Comment;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.ProcessingInstruction;

public class BuildXml {
  private Document document;

  public BuildXml() {
    DocumentBuilderFactory factory = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
    try {
      DocumentBuilder builder = factory.newDocumentBuilder();
      document = builder.newDocument();
    }catch (ParserConfigurationException parserException) {

    Element root = document.createElement("root");

    // add comment to XML document
    Comment simpleComment = document.createComment("This is a simple contact list");

    // add child element
    Node contactNode = createContactNode(document);

    // add processing instruction
    ProcessingInstruction pi = document.createProcessingInstruction("myInstruction",
        "action silent");

    // add CDATA section
    CDATASection cdata = document.createCDATASection("I can add <, >, and ?");

    // write the XML document to disk
    try {

      // create DOMSource for source XML document
      Source xmlSource = new DOMSource(document);

      // create StreamResult for transformation result
      Result result = new StreamResult(new FileOutputStream("myDocument.xml"));

      // create TransformerFactory
      TransformerFactory transformerFactory = TransformerFactory.newInstance();

      // create Transformer for transformation
      Transformer transformer = transformerFactory.newTransformer();

      transformer.setOutputProperty("indent", "yes");

      // transform and deliver content to client
      transformer.transform(xmlSource, result);

    // handle exception creating TransformerFactory
    catch (TransformerFactoryConfigurationError factoryError) {
      System.err.println("Error creating " + "TransformerFactory");
    }catch (TransformerException transformerError) {
      System.err.println("Error transforming document");
    }    catch (IOException ioException) {

  public Node createContactNode(Document document) {

    // create FirstName and LastName elements
    Element firstName = document.createElement("FirstName");
    Element lastName = document.createElement("LastName");

    firstName.appendChild(document.createTextNode("First Name"));
    lastName.appendChild(document.createTextNode("Last Name"));

    // create contact element
    Element contact = document.createElement("contact");

    // create attribute
    Attr genderAttribute = document.createAttribute("gender");

    // append attribute to contact element

    return contact;

  public static void main(String args[]) {
    BuildXml buildXml = new BuildXml();

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2.Java DOM edit: Locating a Node by Using Siblings
3.Java DOM edit: Delete the First Child of the Root Node
4.Java DOM edit: Replacing an Existing Node with a New One
5.Java DOM edit: Add an Element Containing All Names
6.Java DOM edit: Duplicate a Subtree
7.Java DOM edit: Adding an Attribute to an Element
8.Java DOM edit: Deleting Two Attributes
9.Java DOM edit: Copying Attributes
10.Java DOM edit: A Method to Find an ID Value and Print the Element Text
11.Java DOM edit: Modifying Text by Replacement
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13.Java DOM edit: Edit Text by Insertion and Replacement
14.Java DOM edit: Replacing a Text Node with a New CDATASection Node
15.Java DOM edit: Splitting One Text Node into Three
16.Java DOM edit: Normalize All of the Text in a Document
17.Java DOM edit: Creates a New DOM Parse Tree
18.Java DOM edit: Copy a Node from One Parse Tree into Another
19.Java DOM edit: Creating a DocumentFragment Subtree and Appending to the Document
20.Java DOM edit: Insert a Processing Instruction and a Comment
21.XML Tree Dumper 2
22.A Method for Inserting a New Entry in a List
23.Add a comment at the beginning of the document
24.Change a particular node in XML
25.Create a new element and move the middle text node to it
26.Insert the new element where the middle node used to be
27.Set text in a Node
28.Copies the source tree into the specified place in a destination tree.
29.Copy a Node from one source document
30.Generates a DOM from scratch. Writes the DOM to a String using an LSSerializer.
31.Create Element With Text