Use 'for loop' to loop through the cursor : CURSOR FOR Loop « Cursor « Oracle PL / SQL





Use 'for loop' to loop through the cursor

 


SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- create demo table
SQL> create table Employee(
  2    ID                 VARCHAR2(4 BYTE)         NOT NULL,
  3    First_Name         VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  4    Last_Name          VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  5    Start_Date         DATE,
  6    End_Date           DATE,
  7    Salary             Number(8,2),
  8    City               VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  9    Description        VARCHAR2(15 BYTE)
 10  )
 11  /

Table created.

SQL>
SQL> -- prepare data
SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2               values ('01','Jason',    'Martin',  to_date('19960725','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20060725','YYYYMMDD'), 1234.56, 'Toronto',  'Programmer')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('02','Alison',   'Mathews', to_date('19760321','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19860221','YYYYMMDD'), 6661.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('03','James',    'Smith',   to_date('19781212','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19900315','YYYYMMDD'), 6544.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('04','Celia',    'Rice',    to_date('19821024','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19990421','YYYYMMDD'), 2344.78, 'Vancouver','Manager')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('05','Robert',   'Black',   to_date('19840115','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980808','YYYYMMDD'), 2334.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('06','Linda',    'Green',   to_date('19870730','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19960104','YYYYMMDD'), 4322.78,'New York',  'Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('07','David',    'Larry',   to_date('19901231','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980212','YYYYMMDD'), 7897.78,'New York',  'Manager')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('08','James',    'Cat',     to_date('19960917','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20020415','YYYYMMDD'), 1232.78,'Vancouver', 'Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- display data in the table
SQL> select * from Employee
  2  /

ID   FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME  START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY
---- ---------- ---------- --------- --------- ---------- ----------
DESCRIPTION
---------------
01   Jason      Martin     25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06    1234.56 Toronto
Programmer

02   Alison     Mathews    21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86    6661.78 Vancouver
Tester

03   James      Smith      12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90    6544.78 Vancouver
Tester


ID   FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME  START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY
---- ---------- ---------- --------- --------- ---------- ----------
DESCRIPTION
---------------
04   Celia      Rice       24-OCT-82 21-APR-99    2344.78 Vancouver
Manager

05   Robert     Black      15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98    2334.78 Vancouver
Tester

06   Linda      Green      30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96    4322.78 New York
Tester


ID   FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME  START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY
---- ---------- ---------- --------- --------- ---------- ----------
DESCRIPTION
---------------
07   David      Larry      31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98    7897.78 New York
Manager

08   James      Cat        17-SEP-96 15-APR-02    1232.78 Vancouver
Tester


8 rows selected.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- cursor for loop
SQL>
SQL> set serverout on
SQL>
SQL> declare
  2   begin
  3     for my_emp_rec in (select id, first_name
  4                            from employee)
  5     loop
  6       dbms_output.put('ID #' || my_emp_rec.id);
  7       dbms_output.put_line(' is named ' || my_emp_rec.first_name);
  8     end loop;
  9  end;
 10  /
ID #01 is named Jason
ID #02 is named Alison
ID #03 is named James
ID #04 is named Celia
ID #05 is named Robert
ID #06 is named Linda
ID #07 is named David
ID #08 is named James

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- clean the table
SQL> drop table Employee
  2  /

Table dropped.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
           
         
  










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