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/*
 * Copyright 1997-2006 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
 * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
 *
 * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.  Sun designates this
 * particular file as subject to the "Classpath" exception as provided
 * by Sun in the LICENSE file that accompanied this code.
 *
 * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
 * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
 * accompanied this code).
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
 * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 * Please contact Sun Microsystems, Inc., 4150 Network Circle, Santa Clara,
 * CA 95054 USA or visit www.sun.com if you need additional information or
 * have any questions.
 */

package java.security;

import java.security.spec.AlgorithmParameterSpec;

/**
 * The <code>AlgorithmParameterGenerator</code> class is used to generate a
 * set of
 * parameters to be used with a certain algorithm. Parameter generators
 * are constructed using the <code>getInstance</code> factory methods
 * (static methods that return instances of a given class).
 * 
 * <P>The object that will generate the parameters can be initialized
 * in two different ways: in an algorithm-independent manner, or in an
 * algorithm-specific manner:
 *
 * <ul>
 * <li>The algorithm-independent approach uses the fact that all parameter
 * generators share the concept of a "size" and a
 * source of randomness. The measure of size is universally shared 
 * by all algorithm parameters, though it is interpreted differently
 * for different algorithms. For example, in the case of parameters for
 * the <i>DSA</i> algorithm, "size" corresponds to the size
 * of the prime modulus (in bits).
 * When using this approach, algorithm-specific parameter generation
 * values - if any - default to some standard values, unless they can be
 * derived from the specified size.<P>
 *
 * <li>The other approach initializes a parameter generator object
 * using algorithm-specific semantics, which are represented by a set of
 * algorithm-specific parameter generation values. To generate
 * Diffie-Hellman system parameters, for example, the parameter generation
 * values usually
 * consist of the size of the prime modulus and the size of the
 * random exponent, both specified in number of bits.
 * </ul>
 *
 * <P>In case the client does not explicitly initialize the
 * AlgorithmParameterGenerator
 * (via a call to an <code>init</code> method), each provider must supply (and
 * document) a default initialization. For example, the Sun provider uses a
 * default modulus prime size of 1024 bits for the generation of DSA
 * parameters.
 *
 * @author Jan Luehe
 *
 * @version 1.49, 05/05/07
 *
 * @see AlgorithmParameters
 * @see java.security.spec.AlgorithmParameterSpec
 *
 * @since 1.2
 */

public class AlgorithmParameterGenerator {

    // The provider
    private Provider provider;

    // The provider implementation (delegate)
    private AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi paramGenSpi;

    // The algorithm
    private String algorithm;

    /**
     * Creates an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object.
     *
     * @param paramGenSpi the delegate
     * @param provider the provider
     * @param algorithm the algorithm
     */
    protected AlgorithmParameterGenerator
    (AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi paramGenSpi, Provider provider,
     String algorithm) {
  this.paramGenSpi = paramGenSpi;
  this.provider = provider;
  this.algorithm = algorithm;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the standard name of the algorithm this parameter
     * generator is associated with.
     * 
     * @return the string name of the algorithm. 
     */
    public final String getAlgorithm() {
  return this.algorithm;
    }

    /**
     * Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating
     * a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.
     *
     * <p> This method traverses the list of registered security Providers,
     * starting with the most preferred Provider.
     * A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the
     * AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the first
     * Provider that supports the specified algorithm is returned.
     *
     * <p> Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via
     * the {@link Security#getProviders() Security.getProviders()} method.
     *
     * @param algorithm the name of the algorithm this
     * parameter generator is associated with.
     * See Appendix A in the <a href=
     * "../../../technotes/guides/security/crypto/CryptoSpec.html#AppA">
     * Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification &amp; Reference </a>
     * for information about standard algorithm names.
     *
     * @return the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object.
     *
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException if no Provider supports an
     *    AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation for the
     *    specified algorithm.
     * 
     * @see Provider
     */
    public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance(String algorithm)
  throws NoSuchAlgorithmException {
      try {
    Object[] objs = Security.getImpl(algorithm,
             "AlgorithmParameterGenerator",
             (String)null);
    return new AlgorithmParameterGenerator
        ((AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi)objs[0],
         (Provider)objs[1],
         algorithm);
      } catch(NoSuchProviderException e) {
    throw new NoSuchAlgorithmException(algorithm + " not found");
      }
    }

    /** 
     * Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating
     * a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.
     *
     * <p> A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the
     * AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified provider
     * is returned.  The specified provider must be registered
     * in the security provider list.
     *
     * <p> Note that the list of registered providers may be retrieved via
     * the {@link Security#getProviders() Security.getProviders()} method.
     *
     * @param algorithm the name of the algorithm this
     * parameter generator is associated with.
     * See Appendix A in the <a href=
     * "../../../technotes/guides/security/crypto/CryptoSpec.html#AppA">
     * Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification &amp; Reference </a>
     * for information about standard algorithm names.
     *
     * @param provider the string name of the Provider.
     *
     * @return the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object.
     *
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException if an AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi
     *    implementation for the specified algorithm is not
     *    available from the specified provider.
     *
     * @exception NoSuchProviderException if the specified provider is not
     *    registered in the security provider list.
     *
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException if the provider name is null
     *    or empty.
     * 
     * @see Provider
     */
    public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance(String algorithm,
                String provider) 
  throws NoSuchAlgorithmException, NoSuchProviderException
    {
  if (provider == null || provider.length() == 0)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("missing provider");
  Object[] objs = Security.getImpl(algorithm,
           "AlgorithmParameterGenerator",
           provider);
  return new AlgorithmParameterGenerator
      ((AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi)objs[0], (Provider)objs[1],
       algorithm);
    }

    /** 
     * Returns an AlgorithmParameterGenerator object for generating
     * a set of parameters to be used with the specified algorithm.
     *
     * <p> A new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object encapsulating the
     * AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi implementation from the specified Provider
     * object is returned.  Note that the specified Provider object
     * does not have to be registered in the provider list.
     *
     * @param algorithm the string name of the algorithm this
     * parameter generator is associated with.
     * See Appendix A in the <a href=
     * "../../../technotes/guides/security/crypto/CryptoSpec.html#AppA">
     * Java Cryptography Architecture API Specification &amp; Reference </a>
     * for information about standard algorithm names.
     *
     * @param provider the Provider object.
     *
     * @return the new AlgorithmParameterGenerator object.
     *
     * @exception NoSuchAlgorithmException if an AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi
     *    implementation for the specified algorithm is not available
     *    from the specified Provider object.
     *
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException if the specified provider is null.
     *
     * @see Provider
     *
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static AlgorithmParameterGenerator getInstance(String algorithm,
                Provider provider) 
  throws NoSuchAlgorithmException
    {
  if (provider == null)
      throw new IllegalArgumentException("missing provider");
  Object[] objs = Security.getImpl(algorithm,
           "AlgorithmParameterGenerator",
           provider);
  return new AlgorithmParameterGenerator
      ((AlgorithmParameterGeneratorSpi)objs[0], (Provider)objs[1],
       algorithm);
    }

    /** 
     * Returns the provider of this algorithm parameter generator object.
     * 
     * @return the provider of this algorithm parameter generator object
     */
    public final Provider getProvider() {
  return this.provider;
    }

    /**
     * Initializes this parameter generator for a certain size.
     * To create the parameters, the <code>SecureRandom</code>
     * implementation of the highest-priority installed provider is used as
     * the source of randomness.
     * (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of
     * <code>SecureRandom</code>, a system-provided source of randomness is
     * used.)
     *
     * @param size the size (number of bits).
     */
    public final void init(int size) {
  paramGenSpi.engineInit(size, new SecureRandom());
    }

    /**
     * Initializes this parameter generator for a certain size and source
     * of randomness.
     *
     * @param size the size (number of bits).
     * @param random the source of randomness.
     */
    public final void init(int size, SecureRandom random) {
  paramGenSpi.engineInit(size, random);
    }

    /**
     * Initializes this parameter generator with a set of algorithm-specific
     * parameter generation values.
     * To generate the parameters, the <code>SecureRandom</code>
     * implementation of the highest-priority installed provider is used as
     * the source of randomness.
     * (If none of the installed providers supply an implementation of
     * <code>SecureRandom</code>, a system-provided source of randomness is
     * used.)
     *
     * @param genParamSpec the set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values.
     *
     * @exception InvalidAlgorithmParameterException if the given parameter
     * generation values are inappropriate for this parameter generator.
     */
    public final void init(AlgorithmParameterSpec genParamSpec)
  throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException {
      paramGenSpi.engineInit(genParamSpec, new SecureRandom());
    }

    /**
     * Initializes this parameter generator with a set of algorithm-specific
     * parameter generation values.
     *
     * @param genParamSpec the set of algorithm-specific parameter generation values.
     * @param random the source of randomness.
     *
     * @exception InvalidAlgorithmParameterException if the given parameter
     * generation values are inappropriate for this parameter generator.
     */
    public final void init(AlgorithmParameterSpec genParamSpec,
         SecureRandom random)
  throws InvalidAlgorithmParameterException {
      paramGenSpi.engineInit(genParamSpec, random);
    }

    /**
     * Generates the parameters.
     *
     * @return the new AlgorithmParameters object.
     */
    public final AlgorithmParameters generateParameters() {
  return paramGenSpi.engineGenerateParameters();
    }
}
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