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/*
 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 */

package java.nio;

/**
 * A buffer of longs.
 * <p>
 * A long buffer can be created in either of the following ways:
 * <ul>
 * <li>{@link #allocate(int) Allocate} a new long array and create a buffer
 * based on it;</li>
 * <li>{@link #wrap(long[]) Wrap} an existing long array to create a new
 * buffer;</li>
 * <li>Use {@link java.nio.ByteBuffer#asLongBuffer() ByteBuffer.asLongBuffer}
 * to create a long buffer based on a byte buffer.</li>
 * </ul>
 */
public abstract class LongBuffer extends Buffer implements
        Comparable<LongBuffer> {

    /**
     * Creates a long buffer based on a newly allocated long array.
     * 
     * @param capacity
     *            the capacity of the new buffer.
     * @return the created long buffer.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException
     *             if {@code capacity} is less than zero.
     */
    public static LongBuffer allocate(int capacity) {
        if (capacity < 0) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException();
        }
        return BufferFactory.newLongBuffer(capacity);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new long buffer by wrapping the given long array.
     * <p>
     * Calling this method has the same effect as
     * {@code wrap(array, 0, array.length)}.
     *
     * @param array
     *            the long array which the new buffer will be based on.
     * @return the created long buffer.
     */
    public static LongBuffer wrap(long[] array) {
        return wrap(array, 0, array.length);
    }

    /**
     * Creates a new long buffer by wrapping the given long array.
     * <p>
     * The new buffer's position will be {@code start}, limit will be
     * {@code start + len}, capacity will be the length of the array.
     *
     * @param array
     *            the long array which the new buffer will be based on.
     * @param start
     *            the start index, must not be negative and not greater than
     *            {@code array.length}.
     * @param len
     *            the length, must not be negative and not greater than
     *            {@code array.length - start}.
     * @return the created long buffer.
     * @exception IndexOutOfBoundsException
     *                if either {@code start} or {@code len} is invalid.
     */
    public static LongBuffer wrap(long[] array, int start, int len) {
        if (array == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }
        if (start < 0 || len < 0 || (long) len + (long) start > array.length) {
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
        }

        LongBuffer buf = BufferFactory.newLongBuffer(array);
        buf.position = start;
        buf.limit = start + len;

        return buf;
    }

    /**
     * Constructs a {@code LongBuffer} with given capacity.
     *
     * @param capacity
     *            The capacity of the buffer
     */
    LongBuffer(int capacity) {
        super(capacity);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the long array which this buffer is based on, if there is one.
     * 
     * @return the long array which this buffer is based on.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if this buffer is based on an array, but it is read-only.
     * @exception UnsupportedOperationException
     *                if this buffer is not based on an array.
     */
    public final long[] array() {
        return protectedArray();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the offset of the long array which this buffer is based on, if
     * there is one.
     * <p>
     * The offset is the index of the array and corresponds to the zero position
     * of the buffer.
     *
     * @return the offset of the long array which this buffer is based on.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if this buffer is based on an array, but it is read-only.
     * @exception UnsupportedOperationException
     *                if this buffer is not based on an array.
     */
    public final int arrayOffset() {
        return protectedArrayOffset();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a read-only buffer that shares its content with this buffer.
     * <p>
     * The returned buffer is guaranteed to be a new instance, even if this
     * buffer is read-only itself. The new buffer's position, limit, capacity
     * and mark are the same as this buffer's.
     * <p>
     * The new buffer shares its content with this buffer, which means this
     * buffer's change of content will be visible to the new buffer. The two
     * buffer's position, limit and mark are independent.
     *
     * @return a read-only version of this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer asReadOnlyBuffer();

    /**
     * Compacts this long buffer.
     * <p>
     * The remaining longs will be moved to the head of the buffer, staring from
     * position zero. Then the position is set to {@code remaining()}; the
     * limit is set to capacity; the mark is cleared.
     *
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer compact();

    /**
     * Compare the remaining longs of this buffer to another long buffer's
     * remaining longs.
     * 
     * @param otherBuffer
     *            another long buffer.
     * @return a negative value if this is less than {@code otherBuffer}; 0 if
     *         this equals to {@code otherBuffer}; a positive value if this is
     *         greater than {@code otherBuffer}
     * @exception ClassCastException
     *                if {@code otherBuffer} is not a long buffer.
     */
    public int compareTo(LongBuffer otherBuffer) {
        int compareRemaining = (remaining() < otherBuffer.remaining()) ? remaining()
                : otherBuffer.remaining();
        int thisPos = position;
        int otherPos = otherBuffer.position;
        long thisByte, otherByte;
        while (compareRemaining > 0) {
            thisByte = get(thisPos);
            otherByte = otherBuffer.get(otherPos);
            if (thisByte != otherByte) {
                return thisByte < otherByte ? -1 : 1;
            }
            thisPos++;
            otherPos++;
            compareRemaining--;
        }
        return remaining() - otherBuffer.remaining();
    }

    /**
     * Returns a duplicated buffer that shares its content with this buffer.
     * <p>
     * The duplicated buffer's position, limit, capacity and mark are the same
     * as this buffer. The duplicated buffer's read-only property and byte order
     * are same as this buffer's, too.
     * <p>
     * The new buffer shares its content with this buffer, which means either
     * buffer's change of content will be visible to the other. The two buffer's
     * position, limit and mark are independent.
     *
     * @return a duplicated buffer that shares its content with this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer duplicate();

    /**
     * Checks whether this long buffer is equal to another object.
     * <p>
     * If {@code other} is not a long buffer then {@code false} is returned. Two
     * long buffers are equal if and only if their remaining longs are exactly
     * the same. Position, limit, capacity and mark are not considered.
     *
     * @param other
     *            the object to compare with this long buffer.
     * @return {@code true} if this long buffer is equal to {@code other},
     *         {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object other) {
        if (!(other instanceof LongBuffer)) {
            return false;
        }
        LongBuffer otherBuffer = (LongBuffer) other;

        if (remaining() != otherBuffer.remaining()) {
            return false;
        }

        int myPosition = position;
        int otherPosition = otherBuffer.position;
        boolean equalSoFar = true;
        while (equalSoFar && (myPosition < limit)) {
            equalSoFar = get(myPosition++) == otherBuffer.get(otherPosition++);
        }

        return equalSoFar;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the long at the current position and increase the position by 1.
     * 
     * @return the long at the current position.
     * @exception BufferUnderflowException
     *                if the position is equal or greater than limit.
     */
    public abstract long get();

    /**
     * Reads longs from the current position into the specified long array and
     * increases the position by the number of longs read.
     * <p>
     * Calling this method has the same effect as
     * {@code get(dest, 0, dest.length)}.
     * 
     * @param dest
     *            the destination long array.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception BufferUnderflowException
     *                if {@code dest.length} is greater than {@code remaining()}.
     */
    public LongBuffer get(long[] dest) {
        return get(dest, 0, dest.length);
    }

    /**
     * Reads longs from the current position into the specified long array,
     * starting from the specified offset, and increase the position by the
     * number of longs read.
     * 
     * @param dest
     *            the target long array.
     * @param off
     *            the offset of the long array, must not be negative and not
     *            greater than {@code dest.length}.
     * @param len
     *            the number of longs to read, must be no less than zero and not
     *            greater than {@code dest.length - off}.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception IndexOutOfBoundsException
     *                if either {@code off} or {@code len} is invalid.
     * @exception BufferUnderflowException
     *                if {@code len} is greater than {@code remaining()}.
     */
    public LongBuffer get(long[] dest, int off, int len) {
        int length = dest.length;
        if (off < 0 || len < 0 || (long) len + (long) off > length) {
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
        }

        if (len > remaining()) {
            throw new BufferUnderflowException();
        }
        for (int i = off; i < off + len; i++) {
            dest[i] = get();
        }
        return this;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the long at the specified index; the position is not changed.
     * 
     * @param index
     *            the index, must not be negative and less than limit.
     * @return the long at the specified index.
     * @exception IndexOutOfBoundsException
     *                if index is invalid.
     */
    public abstract long get(int index);

    /**
     * Indicates whether this buffer is based on a long array and is read/write.
     *
     * @return {@code true} if this buffer is based on a long array and provides
     *         read/write access, {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    public final boolean hasArray() {
        return protectedHasArray();
    }

    /**
     * Calculates this buffer's hash code from the remaining chars. The
     * position, limit, capacity and mark don't affect the hash code.
     *
     * @return the hash code calculated from the remaining longs.
     */
    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        int myPosition = position;
        int hash = 0;
        long l;
        while (myPosition < limit) {
            l = get(myPosition++);
            hash = hash + ((int) l) ^ ((int) (l >> 32));
        }
        return hash;
    }

    /**
     * Indicates whether this buffer is direct. A direct buffer will try its
     * best to take advantage of native memory APIs and it may not stay in the
     * Java heap, so it is not affected by garbage collection.
     * <p>
     * A long buffer is direct if it is based on a byte buffer and the byte
     * buffer is direct.
     *
     * @return {@code true} if this buffer is direct, {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    public abstract boolean isDirect();

    /**
     * Returns the byte order used by this buffer when converting longs from/to
     * bytes.
     * <p>
     * If this buffer is not based on a byte buffer, then always return the
     * platform's native byte order.
     *
     * @return the byte order used by this buffer when converting longs from/to
     *         bytes.
     */
    public abstract ByteOrder order();

    /**
     * Child class implements this method to realize {@code array()}.
     *
     * @return see {@code array()}
     */
    abstract long[] protectedArray();

    /**
     * Child class implements this method to realize {@code arrayOffset()}.
     *
     * @return see {@code arrayOffset()}
     */
    abstract int protectedArrayOffset();

    /**
     * Child class implements this method to realize {@code hasArray()}.
     *
     * @return see {@code hasArray()}
     */
    abstract boolean protectedHasArray();

    /**
     * Writes the given long to the current position and increases the position
     * by 1.
     * 
     * @param l
     *            the long to write.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception BufferOverflowException
     *                if position is equal or greater than limit.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer put(long l);

    /**
     * Writes longs from the given long array to the current position and
     * increases the position by the number of longs written.
     * <p>
     * Calling this method has the same effect as
     * {@code put(src, 0, src.length)}.
     *
     * @param src
     *            the source long array.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception BufferOverflowException
     *                if {@code remaining()} is less than {@code src.length}.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public final LongBuffer put(long[] src) {
        return put(src, 0, src.length);
    }

    /**
     * Writes longs from the given long array, starting from the specified
     * offset, to the current position and increases the position by the number
     * of longs written.
     * 
     * @param src
     *            the source long array.
     * @param off
     *            the offset of long array, must not be negative and not greater
     *            than {@code src.length}.
     * @param len
     *            the number of longs to write, must be no less than zero and
     *            not greater than {@code src.length - off}.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception BufferOverflowException
     *                if {@code remaining()} is less than {@code len}.
     * @exception IndexOutOfBoundsException
     *                if either {@code off} or {@code len} is invalid.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public LongBuffer put(long[] src, int off, int len) {
        int length = src.length;
        if (off < 0 || len < 0 || (long) len + (long) off > length) {
            throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException();
        }

        if (len > remaining()) {
            throw new BufferOverflowException();
        }
        for (int i = off; i < off + len; i++) {
            put(src[i]);
        }
        return this;
    }

    /**
     * Writes all the remaining longs of the {@code src} long buffer to this
     * buffer's current position, and increases both buffers' position by the
     * number of longs copied.
     * 
     * @param src
     *            the source long buffer.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception BufferOverflowException
     *                if {@code src.remaining()} is greater than this buffer's
     *                {@code remaining()}.
     * @exception IllegalArgumentException
     *                if {@code src} is this buffer.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public LongBuffer put(LongBuffer src) {
        if (src == this) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException();
        }
        if (src.remaining() > remaining()) {
            throw new BufferOverflowException();
        }
        long[] contents = new long[src.remaining()];
        src.get(contents);
        put(contents);
        return this;
    }

    /**
     * Writes a long to the specified index of this buffer; the position is not
     * changed.
     * 
     * @param index
     *            the index, must not be negative and less than the limit.
     * @param l
     *            the long to write.
     * @return this buffer.
     * @exception IndexOutOfBoundsException
     *                if index is invalid.
     * @exception ReadOnlyBufferException
     *                if no changes may be made to the contents of this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer put(int index, long l);

    /**
     * Returns a sliced buffer that shares its content with this buffer.
     * <p>
     * The sliced buffer's capacity will be this buffer's {@code remaining()},
     * and its zero position will correspond to this buffer's current position.
     * The new buffer's position will be 0, limit will be its capacity, and its
     * mark is cleared. The new buffer's read-only property and byte order are
     * same as this buffer's.
     * <p>
     * The new buffer shares its content with this buffer, which means either
     * buffer's change of content will be visible to the other. The two buffer's
     * position, limit and mark are independent.
     *
     * @return a sliced buffer that shares its content with this buffer.
     */
    public abstract LongBuffer slice();

    /**
     * Returns a string representing the state of this long buffer.
     * 
     * @return a string representing the state of this long buffer.
     */
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        StringBuilder buf = new StringBuilder();
        buf.append(getClass().getName());
        buf.append(", status: capacity="); //$NON-NLS-1$
        buf.append(capacity());
        buf.append(" position="); //$NON-NLS-1$
        buf.append(position());
        buf.append(" limit="); //$NON-NLS-1$
        buf.append(limit());
        return buf.toString();
    }
}
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