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 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
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package org.apache.openjpa.kernel;

import java.util.BitSet;

import org.apache.openjpa.enhance.PersistenceCapable;
import org.apache.openjpa.lib.util.Localizer;
import org.apache.openjpa.meta.ClassMetaData;
import org.apache.openjpa.meta.FieldMetaData;
import org.apache.openjpa.meta.ValueMetaData;
import org.apache.openjpa.util.ApplicationIds;
import org.apache.openjpa.util.InternalException;
import org.apache.openjpa.util.OptimisticException;
import org.apache.openjpa.util.ImplHelper;

 * Handles attaching instances with detached state.
 * @nojavadoc
 * @author Marc Prud'hommeaux
class DetachedStateAttachStrategy
    extends AttachStrategy {

    private static final Localizer _loc = Localizer.forPackage

    protected Object getDetachedObjectId(AttachManager manager,
        Object toAttach) {
        if (toAttach == null)
            return null;

        Broker broker = manager.getBroker();
        PersistenceCapable pc = ImplHelper.toPersistenceCapable(toAttach,
        ClassMetaData meta = broker.getConfiguration().
                broker.getClassLoader(), true);

        switch (meta.getIdentityType()) {
            case ClassMetaData.ID_DATASTORE:
                Object[] state = (Object[]) pc.pcGetDetachedState();
                if (state == null)
                    return null;
                return broker
                    .newObjectId(toAttach.getClass(), state[0]);
            case ClassMetaData.ID_APPLICATION:
                return ApplicationIds.create(pc, meta);
                throw new InternalException();

    protected void provideField(Object toAttach, StateManagerImpl sm,
        int field) {
            sm.getContext().getConfiguration()), this, field);

    public Object attach(AttachManager manager, Object toAttach,
        ClassMetaData meta, PersistenceCapable into, OpenJPAStateManager owner,
        ValueMetaData ownerMeta, boolean explicit) {
        BrokerImpl broker = manager.getBroker();
        PersistenceCapable pc = ImplHelper.toPersistenceCapable(toAttach,

        Object[] state = (Object[]) pc.pcGetDetachedState();
        boolean embedded = ownerMeta != null && ownerMeta.isEmbeddedPC();
        int offset;
        StateManagerImpl sm;

        // state == null means this is a new instance; also, if the
        // state manager for the embedded instance is null, then
        // it should be treated as a new instance (since the
        // newly persisted owner may create a new embedded instance
        // in the constructor); fixed bug #1075.
        // also, if the user has attached a detached obj from somewhere
        // else in the graph to an embedded field that was previously null,
        // copy into a new embedded instance
        if (embedded && (state == null || into == null
            || broker.getStateManager(into) == null)) {
            if (into == null)
                into = pc.pcNewInstance(null, false);
            sm = (StateManagerImpl) broker.embed(into, null, owner, ownerMeta);
            into = sm.getPersistenceCapable();
        } else if (state == null) {
            sm = persist(manager, pc, meta, ApplicationIds.create(pc, meta),
            into = sm.getPersistenceCapable();
        } else if (!embedded && into == null) {
            Object id = getDetachedObjectId(manager, pc);
            if (id != null)
                into =
                    ImplHelper.toPersistenceCapable(broker.find(id, true, null),
            if (into == null) {
                // we mark objects that were new on detach by putting an empty
                // extra element in their detached state array
                offset = meta.getIdentityType() == meta.ID_DATASTORE ? 1 : 0;
                boolean isNew = state.length == 3 + offset;

                // attempting to attach an instance that has been deleted
                // will throw an OVE if it was not PNEW when it was detached
                if (!isNew)
                    throw new OptimisticException(_loc.get("attach-deleted",
                        ImplHelper.getManagedInstance(pc).getClass(), id))

                // if the instance does not exist, we assume that it was
                // made persistent in a new transaction, detached, and then
                // the transaction was rolled back; the danger is that
                // the instance was made persistent, detached, committed,
                // and then deleted, but this is an uncommon case
                sm = persist(manager, pc, meta, id, explicit);
                into = sm.getPersistenceCapable();

                // nullify the state, since the new instance won't have one
                state = null;
            } else
                sm = manager.assertManaged(into);
        } else
            sm = manager.assertManaged(into);

        // mark that we attached the instance *before* we
        // fill in values to avoid endless recursion
        manager.setAttachedCopy(pc, into);
        meta = sm.getMetaData();
        manager.fireBeforeAttach(pc, meta);
        offset = meta.getIdentityType() == meta.ID_DATASTORE ? 1 : 0;

        // assign the detached pc the same state manager as the object we're
        // copying into during the attach process
        BitSet fields = state == null ? null : (BitSet) state[1 + offset];
        try {
            FieldMetaData[] fmds = meta.getFields();
            for (int i = 0; i < fmds.length; i++) {
                // only attach fields in the FG of the detached instance; new
                // instances get all their fields attached
                if (fields == null || fields.get(i))
                    attachField(manager, pc, sm, fmds[i], true);
        finally {

        // set the next version for non-new instances that are not embedded
        if (state != null && !embedded) {
            // make sure that all the fields in the original FG are loaded
            // before we try to compare version
            if (fields != null && !fields.equals(sm.getLoaded())) {
                BitSet toLoad = (BitSet) fields.clone();
                toLoad.andNot(sm.getLoaded()); // skip already loaded fields
                if (toLoad.length() > 0)
                    sm.loadFields(toLoad, null, LockLevels.LOCK_NONE, null);
                //### we should calculate lock level above
            Object version = state[offset];

            StoreManager store = broker.getStoreManager();
            switch (store.compareVersion(sm, version, sm.getVersion())) {
                case StoreManager.VERSION_LATER:
                    // we have a later version: set it into the object.
                    // lock validation will occur at commit time
                case StoreManager.VERSION_EARLIER:
                case StoreManager.VERSION_DIFFERENT:
                    throw new OptimisticException(into);
                case StoreManager.VERSION_SAME:
                    // no action required
        return ImplHelper.getManagedInstance(into);
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