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spring framework 3.0.0 » org » springframework » web » HttpRequestHandler.java
/*
 * Copyright 2002-2007 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

package org.springframework.web;

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

/**
 * Plain handler interface for components that process HTTP requests,
 * analogous to a Servlet. Only declares {@link javax.servlet.ServletException}
 * and {@link java.io.IOException}, to allow for usage within any
 * {@link javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet}}. This interface is ssentially the
 * direct equivalent of an HttpServlet, reduced to a central handle method.
 *
 * <p>The easiest way to expose an HttpRequestHandler bean in Spring style
 * is to define it in Spring's root web application context and define
 * an {@link org.springframework.web.context.support.HttpRequestHandlerServlet}
 * in <code>web.xml</code>, pointing at the target HttpRequestHandler bean
 * through its <code>servlet-name</code> which needs to match the target bean name.
 *
 * <p>Supported as a handler type within Spring's
 * {@link org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet}, being able
 * to interact with the dispatcher's advanced mapping and interception
 * facilities. This is the recommended way of exposing an HttpRequestHandler,
 * while keeping the handler implementations free of direct dependencies
 * on a DispatcherServlet environment.
 *
 * <p>Typically implemented to generate binary responses directly,
 * with no separate view resource involved. This differentiates it from a
 * {@link org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.Controller} within Spring's Web MVC
 * framework. The lack of a {@link org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView}
 * return value gives a clearer signature to callers other than the
 * DispatcherServlet, indicating that there will never be a view to render.
 *
 * <p>As of Spring 2.0, Spring's HTTP-based remote exporters, such as
 * {@link org.springframework.remoting.httpinvoker.HttpInvokerServiceExporter}
 * and {@link org.springframework.remoting.caucho.HessianServiceExporter},
 * implement this interface rather than the more extensive Controller interface,
 * for minimal dependencies on Spring-specific web infrastructure.
 *
 * <p>Note that HttpRequestHandlers may optionally implement the
 * {@link org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.LastModified} interface,
 * just like Controllers can, <i>provided that they run within Spring's
 * DispatcherServlet</i>. However, this is usually not necessary, since
 * HttpRequestHandlers typically only support POST requests to begin with.
 * Alternatively, a handler may implement the "If-Modified-Since" HTTP
 * header processing manually within its <code>handle</code> method.
 *
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @since 2.0
 * @see org.springframework.web.context.support.HttpRequestHandlerServlet
 * @see org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet
 * @see org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView
 * @see org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.Controller
 * @see org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.LastModified
 * @see org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.HttpRequestHandlerAdapter
 * @see org.springframework.remoting.httpinvoker.HttpInvokerServiceExporter
 * @see org.springframework.remoting.caucho.HessianServiceExporter
 * @see org.springframework.remoting.caucho.BurlapServiceExporter
 */
public interface HttpRequestHandler {

  /**
   * Process the given request, generating a response.
   * @param request current HTTP request
   * @param response current HTTP response
   * @throws ServletException in case of general errors
   * @throws IOException in case of I/O errors
   */
  void handleRequest(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException;

}
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