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/*-
 * See the file LICENSE for redistribution information.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2002,2008 Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * $Id: SecondaryDatabase.java,v 1.52.2.3 2008/01/07 15:14:08 cwl Exp $
 */

package com.sleepycat.je;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.logging.Level;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

import com.sleepycat.je.dbi.DatabaseImpl;
import com.sleepycat.je.dbi.GetMode;
import com.sleepycat.je.dbi.PutMode;
import com.sleepycat.je.dbi.CursorImpl.SearchMode;
import com.sleepycat.je.txn.Locker;
import com.sleepycat.je.txn.LockerFactory;
import com.sleepycat.je.utilint.DatabaseUtil;

/**
 * Javadoc for this public class is generated via
 * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
 */
public class SecondaryDatabase extends Database {

    private Database primaryDb;
    private SecondaryConfig secondaryConfig;
    private SecondaryTrigger secondaryTrigger;
    private ForeignKeyTrigger foreignKeyTrigger;

    /**
     * Creates a secondary database but does not open or fully initialize it.
     */
    SecondaryDatabase(Environment env,
          SecondaryConfig secConfig,
                      Database primaryDatabase)
        throws DatabaseException {

        super(env);
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullParam(primaryDatabase, "primaryDatabase");
        primaryDatabase.checkRequiredDbState(OPEN, "Can't use as primary:");
        if (primaryDatabase.configuration.getSortedDuplicates()) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("Duplicates must not be allowed for a primary database: " +
                 primaryDatabase.getDebugName());
        }
        if (env.getEnvironmentImpl() !=
                primaryDatabase.getEnvironment().getEnvironmentImpl()) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("Primary and secondary databases must be in the same" +
                 " environment");
        }
        if (secConfig.getKeyCreator() != null &&
            secConfig.getMultiKeyCreator() != null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("secConfig.getKeyCreator() and getMultiKeyCreator() may not" +
                 " both be non-null");
        }
        if (!primaryDatabase.configuration.getReadOnly() &&
            secConfig.getKeyCreator() == null &&
            secConfig.getMultiKeyCreator() == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException
                ("secConfig and getKeyCreator()/getMultiKeyCreator()" +
                 " may be null only if the primary database is read-only");
        }
        if (secConfig.getForeignKeyNullifier() != null &&
            secConfig.getForeignMultiKeyNullifier() != null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("secConfig.getForeignKeyNullifier() and" +
                 " getForeignMultiKeyNullifier() may not both be non-null");
        }
        if (secConfig.getForeignKeyDeleteAction() ==
                         ForeignKeyDeleteAction.NULLIFY &&
            secConfig.getForeignKeyNullifier() == null &&
            secConfig.getForeignMultiKeyNullifier() == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException
                ("ForeignKeyNullifier or ForeignMultiKeyNullifier must be" +
                 " non-null when ForeignKeyDeleteAction is NULLIFY");
        }
        if (secConfig.getForeignKeyNullifier() != null &&
            secConfig.getMultiKeyCreator() != null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("ForeignKeyNullifier may not be used with" +
                 " SecondaryMultiKeyCreator -- use" +
                 " ForeignMultiKeyNullifier instead");
        }
        if (secConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase() != null) {
            Database foreignDb = secConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase();
            if (foreignDb.getDatabaseImpl().getSortedDuplicates()) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException
                    ("Duplicates must not be allowed for a foreign key " +
                     " database: " + foreignDb.getDebugName());
            }
        }
        primaryDb = primaryDatabase;
        secondaryTrigger = new SecondaryTrigger(this);
        if (secConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase() != null) {
            foreignKeyTrigger = new ForeignKeyTrigger(this);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Create a database, called by Environment
     */
    void initNew(Environment env,
                 Locker locker,
                 String databaseName,
                 DatabaseConfig dbConfig)
        throws DatabaseException {

        super.initNew(env, locker, databaseName, dbConfig);
        init(locker);
    }

    /**
     * Open a database, called by Environment
     */
    void initExisting(Environment env,
                      Locker locker,
                      DatabaseImpl database,
                      DatabaseConfig dbConfig)
        throws DatabaseException {

        /* Disallow one secondary associated with two different primaries. */
        Database otherPriDb = database.findPrimaryDatabase();
        if (otherPriDb != null &&
            otherPriDb.getDatabaseImpl() != primaryDb.getDatabaseImpl()) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException
                ("Secondary is already associated with a different primary: " +
                 otherPriDb.getDebugName());
        }

        super.initExisting(env, locker, database, dbConfig);
        init(locker);
    }

    /**
     * Adds secondary to primary's list, and populates the secondary if needed.
     */
    private void init(Locker locker)
        throws DatabaseException {

        trace(Level.FINEST, "SecondaryDatabase open");

        secondaryConfig = (SecondaryConfig) configuration;

        /* Insert foreign key triggers at the front of the list and append
         * secondary triggers at the end, so that ForeignKeyDeleteAction.ABORT
         * is applied before deleting the secondary keys. */

        primaryDb.addTrigger(secondaryTrigger, false);

        Database foreignDb = secondaryConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase();
        if (foreignDb != null) {
            foreignDb.addTrigger(foreignKeyTrigger, true);
        }

        /* Populate secondary if requested and secondary is empty. */
        if (secondaryConfig.getAllowPopulate()) {
            Cursor secCursor = null;
            Cursor priCursor = null;
            try {
                secCursor = new Cursor(this, locker, null);
                DatabaseEntry key = new DatabaseEntry();
                DatabaseEntry data = new DatabaseEntry();
                OperationStatus status = secCursor.position(key, data,
                                                            LockMode.DEFAULT,
                                                            true);
                if (status == OperationStatus.NOTFOUND) {
                    /* Is empty, so populate */
                    priCursor = new Cursor(primaryDb, locker, null);
                    status = priCursor.position(key, data, LockMode.DEFAULT,
                                                true);
                    while (status == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                        updateSecondary(locker, secCursor, key, null, data);
                        status = priCursor.retrieveNext(key, data,
                                                        LockMode.DEFAULT,
                                                        GetMode.NEXT);
                    }
                }
            } finally {
                if (secCursor != null) {
                    secCursor.close();
                }
                if (priCursor != null) {
                    priCursor.close();
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public synchronized void close()
        throws DatabaseException {

        if (primaryDb != null && secondaryTrigger != null) {
            primaryDb.removeTrigger(secondaryTrigger);
        }
        Database foreignDb = secondaryConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase();
        if (foreignDb != null && foreignKeyTrigger != null) {
            foreignDb.removeTrigger(foreignKeyTrigger);
        }
        super.close();
    }

    /**
     * Should be called by the secondaryTrigger while holding a write lock on
     * the trigger list.
     */
    void clearPrimary() {
        primaryDb = null;
        secondaryTrigger  = null;
    }

    /**
     * Should be called by the foreignKeyTrigger while holding a write lock on
     * the trigger list.
     */
    void clearForeignKeyTrigger() {
        foreignKeyTrigger = null;
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public Database getPrimaryDatabase()
        throws DatabaseException {

        return primaryDb;
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public SecondaryConfig getSecondaryConfig()
        throws DatabaseException {

        return (SecondaryConfig) getConfig();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the secondary config without cloning, for internal use.
     */
    public SecondaryConfig getPrivateSecondaryConfig() {
        return secondaryConfig;
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public SecondaryCursor openSecondaryCursor(Transaction txn,
                                               CursorConfig cursorConfig)
        throws DatabaseException {

        return (SecondaryCursor) openCursor(txn, cursorConfig);
    }

    /**
     * Overrides Database method.
     */
    Cursor newDbcInstance(Transaction txn,
                          CursorConfig cursorConfig)
        throws DatabaseException {

        return new SecondaryCursor(this, txn, cursorConfig);
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus delete(Transaction txn,
                                  DatabaseEntry key)
        throws DatabaseException {

        checkEnv();
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(key, "key", true);
        checkRequiredDbState(OPEN, "Can't call SecondaryDatabase.delete:");
        trace(Level.FINEST, "SecondaryDatabase.delete", txn,
              key, null, null);

        Locker locker = null;
        Cursor cursor = null;

        OperationStatus commitStatus = OperationStatus.NOTFOUND;
        try {
            locker = LockerFactory.getWritableLocker
                (envHandle, txn, isTransactional());

            /* Read the primary key (the data of a secondary). */
            cursor = new Cursor(this, locker, null);
            DatabaseEntry pKey = new DatabaseEntry();
            OperationStatus searchStatus =
                cursor.search(key, pKey, LockMode.RMW, SearchMode.SET);

            /*
             * For each duplicate secondary key, delete the primary record and
             * all its associated secondary records, including the one
             * referenced by this secondary cursor.
             */
            while (searchStatus == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                commitStatus = primaryDb.deleteInternal(locker, pKey, null);
                if (commitStatus != OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                    throw secondaryCorruptException();
                }
                searchStatus = cursor.retrieveNext
                    (key, pKey, LockMode.RMW, GetMode.NEXT_DUP);
            }
            return commitStatus;
  } catch (Error E) {
      DbInternal.envGetEnvironmentImpl(envHandle).invalidate(E);
      throw E;
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null) {
                cursor.close();
            }
            if (locker != null) {
                locker.operationEnd(commitStatus);
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus get(Transaction txn,
                               DatabaseEntry key,
                               DatabaseEntry data,
                               LockMode lockMode)
        throws DatabaseException {

        return get(txn, key, new DatabaseEntry(), data, lockMode);
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus get(Transaction txn,
                               DatabaseEntry key,
                               DatabaseEntry pKey,
                               DatabaseEntry data,
                               LockMode lockMode)
        throws DatabaseException {

        checkEnv();
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(key, "key", true);
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(pKey, "pKey", false);
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(data, "data", false);
        checkRequiredDbState(OPEN, "Can't call SecondaryDatabase.get:");
        trace(Level.FINEST, "SecondaryDatabase.get", txn, key, null, lockMode);

        CursorConfig cursorConfig = CursorConfig.DEFAULT;
        if (lockMode == LockMode.READ_COMMITTED) {
            cursorConfig = CursorConfig.READ_COMMITTED;
            lockMode = null;
        }

        SecondaryCursor cursor = null;
        try {
      cursor = new SecondaryCursor(this, txn, cursorConfig);
            return cursor.search(key, pKey, data, lockMode, SearchMode.SET);
  } catch (Error E) {
      DbInternal.envGetEnvironmentImpl(envHandle).invalidate(E);
      throw E;
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null) {
                cursor.close();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus getSearchBoth(Transaction txn,
                                         DatabaseEntry key,
                                         DatabaseEntry data,
                                         LockMode lockMode)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus getSearchBoth(Transaction txn,
                                         DatabaseEntry key,
                                         DatabaseEntry pKey,
                                         DatabaseEntry data,
                                         LockMode lockMode)
        throws DatabaseException {

        checkEnv();
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(key, "key", true);
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(pKey, "pKey", true);
        DatabaseUtil.checkForNullDbt(data, "data", false);
        checkRequiredDbState(OPEN,
                             "Can't call SecondaryDatabase.getSearchBoth:");
        trace(Level.FINEST, "SecondaryDatabase.getSearchBoth", txn, key, data,
              lockMode);

        CursorConfig cursorConfig = CursorConfig.DEFAULT;
        if (lockMode == LockMode.READ_COMMITTED) {
            cursorConfig = CursorConfig.READ_COMMITTED;
            lockMode = null;
        }

        SecondaryCursor cursor = null;
        try {
      cursor = new SecondaryCursor(this, txn, cursorConfig);
            return cursor.search(key, pKey, data, lockMode, SearchMode.BOTH);
  } catch (Error E) {
      DbInternal.envGetEnvironmentImpl(envHandle).invalidate(E);
      throw E;
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null) {
                cursor.close();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus put(Transaction txn,
                               DatabaseEntry key,
                               DatabaseEntry data)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus putNoOverwrite(Transaction txn,
                                          DatabaseEntry key,
                                          DatabaseEntry data)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public OperationStatus putNoDupData(Transaction txn,
                                        DatabaseEntry key,
                                        DatabaseEntry data)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     */
    public JoinCursor join(Cursor[] cursors, JoinConfig config)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Javadoc for this public method is generated via
     * the doc templates in the doc_src directory.
     * @deprecated
     */
    public int truncate(Transaction txn, boolean countRecords)
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw notAllowedException();
    }

    /**
     * Updates a single secondary when a put() or delete() is performed on
     * the primary.
     *
     * @param locker the internal locker.
     *
     * @param cursor secondary cursor to use, or null if this method should
     * open and close a cursor if one is needed.
     *
     * @param priKey the primary key.
     *
     * @param oldData the primary data before the change, or null if the record
     * did not previously exist.
     *
     * @param newData the primary data after the change, or null if the record
     * has been deleted.
     */
    void updateSecondary(Locker locker,
                         Cursor cursor,
                         DatabaseEntry priKey,
                         DatabaseEntry oldData,
                         DatabaseEntry newData)
        throws DatabaseException {

        /*
         * If we're updating the primary and the secondary key cannot be
         * changed, optimize for that case by doing nothing.
         */
        if (secondaryConfig.getImmutableSecondaryKey() &&
            oldData != null && newData != null) {
            return;
        }

        SecondaryKeyCreator keyCreator = secondaryConfig.getKeyCreator();
        if (keyCreator != null) {
            /* Each primary record may have a single secondary key. */
            assert secondaryConfig.getMultiKeyCreator() == null;

            /* Get old and new secondary keys. */
            DatabaseEntry oldSecKey = null;
            if (oldData != null) {
                oldSecKey = new DatabaseEntry();
                if (!keyCreator.createSecondaryKey(this, priKey, oldData,
                                                   oldSecKey)) {
                    oldSecKey = null;
                }
            }
            DatabaseEntry newSecKey = null;
            if (newData != null) {
                newSecKey = new DatabaseEntry();
                if (!keyCreator.createSecondaryKey(this, priKey, newData,
                                                   newSecKey)) {
                    newSecKey = null;
                }
            }

            /* Update secondary if old and new keys are unequal. */
            if ((oldSecKey != null && !oldSecKey.equals(newSecKey)) ||
                (newSecKey != null && !newSecKey.equals(oldSecKey))) {

                boolean localCursor = (cursor == null);
                if (localCursor) {
                    cursor = new Cursor(this, locker, null);
                }
                try {
                    /* Delete the old key. */
                    if (oldSecKey != null) {
                        deleteKey(cursor, priKey, oldSecKey);
                    }
                    /* Insert the new key. */
                    if (newSecKey != null) {
                        insertKey(locker, cursor, priKey, newSecKey);
                    }
                } finally {
                    if (localCursor && cursor != null) {
                        cursor.close();
                    }
                }
            }
        } else {
            /* Each primary record may have multiple secondary keys. */
            SecondaryMultiKeyCreator multiKeyCreator =
                secondaryConfig.getMultiKeyCreator();
            assert multiKeyCreator != null;

            /* Get old and new secondary keys. */
            Set oldKeys = Collections.EMPTY_SET;
            Set newKeys = Collections.EMPTY_SET;
            if (oldData != null) {
                oldKeys = new HashSet();
                multiKeyCreator.createSecondaryKeys(this, priKey,
                                                    oldData, oldKeys);
            }
            if (newData != null) {
                newKeys = new HashSet();
                multiKeyCreator.createSecondaryKeys(this, priKey,
                                                    newData, newKeys);
            }

            /* Update the secondary if there is a difference. */
            if (!oldKeys.equals(newKeys)) {

                boolean localCursor = (cursor == null);
                if (localCursor) {
                    cursor = new Cursor(this, locker, null);
                }
                try {
                    /* Delete old keys that are no longer present. */
                    Set oldKeysCopy = oldKeys;
                    if (oldKeys != Collections.EMPTY_SET) {
                        oldKeysCopy = new HashSet(oldKeys);
                        oldKeys.removeAll(newKeys);
                        for (Iterator i = oldKeys.iterator(); i.hasNext();) {
                            DatabaseEntry oldKey = (DatabaseEntry) i.next();
                            deleteKey(cursor, priKey, oldKey);
                        }
                    }
                    /* Insert new keys that were not present before. */
                    if (newKeys != Collections.EMPTY_SET) {
                        newKeys.removeAll(oldKeysCopy);
                        for (Iterator i = newKeys.iterator(); i.hasNext();) {
                            DatabaseEntry newKey = (DatabaseEntry) i.next();
                            insertKey(locker, cursor, priKey, newKey);
                        }
                    }
                } finally {
                    if (localCursor && cursor != null) {
                        cursor.close();
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Deletes an old secondary key.
     */
    private void deleteKey(Cursor cursor,
                           DatabaseEntry priKey,
                           DatabaseEntry oldSecKey)
        throws DatabaseException {

        OperationStatus status =
            cursor.search(oldSecKey, priKey,
                          LockMode.RMW,
                          SearchMode.BOTH);
        if (status == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
            cursor.deleteInternal();
        } else {
            throw new DatabaseException
                ("Secondary " + getDebugName() +
                " is corrupt: the primary record contains a key" +
                " that is not present in the secondary");
        }
    }

    /**
     * Inserts a new secondary key.
     */
    private void insertKey(Locker locker,
                           Cursor cursor,
                           DatabaseEntry priKey,
                           DatabaseEntry newSecKey)
        throws DatabaseException {

        /* Check for the existence of a foreign key. */
        Database foreignDb =
            secondaryConfig.getForeignKeyDatabase();
        if (foreignDb != null) {
            Cursor foreignCursor = null;
            try {
                foreignCursor = new Cursor(foreignDb, locker,
                                           null);
                DatabaseEntry tmpData = new DatabaseEntry();
                OperationStatus status =
                    foreignCursor.search(newSecKey, tmpData,
                                         LockMode.DEFAULT,
                                         SearchMode.SET);
                if (status != OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                    throw new DatabaseException
                        ("Secondary " + getDebugName() +
                         " foreign key not allowed: it is not" +
                         " present in the foreign database " +
                         foreignDb.getDebugName());
                }
            } finally {
                if (foreignCursor != null) {
                    foreignCursor.close();
                }
            }
        }

        /* Insert the new key. */
        OperationStatus status;
        if (configuration.getSortedDuplicates()) {
            status = cursor.putInternal(newSecKey, priKey,
                                        PutMode.NODUP);
        } else {
            status = cursor.putInternal(newSecKey, priKey,
                                        PutMode.NOOVERWRITE);
        }
        if (status != OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
            throw new DatabaseException
                ("Could not insert secondary key in " +
                 getDebugName() + ' ' + status);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Called by the ForeignKeyTrigger when a record in the foreign database is
     * deleted.
     *
     * @param secKey is the primary key of the foreign database, which is the
     * secondary key (ordinary key) of this secondary database.
     */
    void onForeignKeyDelete(Locker locker, DatabaseEntry secKey)
        throws DatabaseException {

        ForeignKeyDeleteAction deleteAction =
            secondaryConfig.getForeignKeyDeleteAction();

        /* Use RMW if we're going to be deleting the secondary records. */
        LockMode lockMode = (deleteAction == ForeignKeyDeleteAction.ABORT)
                            ? LockMode.DEFAULT : LockMode.RMW;

        /*
         * Use the deleted foreign primary key to read the data of this
         * database, which is the associated primary's key.
         */
        DatabaseEntry priKey = new DatabaseEntry();
        Cursor cursor = null;
        OperationStatus status;
        try {
      cursor = new Cursor(this, locker, null);
            status = cursor.search(secKey, priKey, lockMode,
                                   SearchMode.SET);
            while (status == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {

                if (deleteAction == ForeignKeyDeleteAction.ABORT) {

                    /*
                     * ABORT - throw an exception to cause the user to abort
                     * the transaction.
                     */
                    throw new DatabaseException
                        ("Secondary " + getDebugName() +
                         " refers to a foreign key that has been deleted" +
                         " (ForeignKeyDeleteAction.ABORT)");

                } else if (deleteAction == ForeignKeyDeleteAction.CASCADE) {

                    /*
                     * CASCADE - delete the associated primary record.
                     */
                    Cursor priCursor = null;
                    try {
                        DatabaseEntry data = new DatabaseEntry();
                        priCursor = new Cursor(primaryDb, locker, null);
                        status = priCursor.search(priKey, data, LockMode.RMW,
                                                  SearchMode.SET);
                        if (status == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                            priCursor.delete();
                        } else {
                            throw secondaryCorruptException();
                        }
                    } finally {
                        if (priCursor != null) {
                            priCursor.close();
                        }
                    }

                } else if (deleteAction == ForeignKeyDeleteAction.NULLIFY) {

                    /*
                     * NULLIFY - set the secondary key to null in the
                     * associated primary record.
                     */
                    Cursor priCursor = null;
                    try {
                        DatabaseEntry data = new DatabaseEntry();
                        priCursor = new Cursor(primaryDb, locker, null);
                        status = priCursor.search(priKey, data, LockMode.RMW,
                                                  SearchMode.SET);
                        if (status == OperationStatus.SUCCESS) {
                            ForeignMultiKeyNullifier multiNullifier =
                                secondaryConfig.getForeignMultiKeyNullifier();
                            if (multiNullifier != null) {
                                if (multiNullifier.nullifyForeignKey
                                        (this, priKey, data, secKey)) {
                                    priCursor.putCurrent(data);
                                }
                            } else {
                                ForeignKeyNullifier nullifier =
                                    secondaryConfig.getForeignKeyNullifier();
                                if (nullifier.nullifyForeignKey
                                        (this, data)) {
                                    priCursor.putCurrent(data);
                                }
                            }
                        } else {
                            throw secondaryCorruptException();
                        }
                    } finally {
                        if (priCursor != null) {
                            priCursor.close();
                        }
                    }
                } else {
                    /* Should never occur. */
                    throw new IllegalStateException();
                }

                status = cursor.retrieveNext(secKey, priKey, LockMode.DEFAULT,
                                             GetMode.NEXT_DUP);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null) {
                cursor.close();
            }
        }
    }

    DatabaseException secondaryCorruptException()
        throws DatabaseException {

        throw new DatabaseException
            ("Secondary " + getDebugName() + " is corrupt: it refers" +
             " to a missing key in the primary database");
    }

    static UnsupportedOperationException notAllowedException() {

        throw new UnsupportedOperationException
            ("Operation not allowed on a secondary");
    }

    /**
     * Send trace messages to the java.util.logger. Don't rely on the
     * logger alone to conditionalize whether we send this message,
     * we don't even want to construct the message if the level is
     * not enabled.
     */
    void trace(Level level,
               String methodName)
        throws DatabaseException {

        Logger logger = envHandle.getEnvironmentImpl().getLogger();
        if (logger.isLoggable(level)) {
            StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
            sb.append(methodName);
            sb.append(" name=").append(getDebugName());
            sb.append(" primary=").append(primaryDb.getDebugName());

            logger.log(level, sb.toString());
        }
    }
}
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