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Jython 2.5.1 » com » ziclix » python » sql » zxJDBC.java
/*
 * Jython Database Specification API 2.0
 *
 * $Id: zxJDBC.java 6544 2009-07-19 05:35:22Z pjenvey $
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2001 brian zimmer <bzimmer@ziclix.com>
 *
 */
package com.ziclix.python.sql;

import org.python.core.ClassDictInit;
import org.python.core.Options;
import org.python.core.Py;
import org.python.core.PyArray;
import org.python.core.PyBuiltinFunctionSet;
import org.python.core.PyDictionary;
import org.python.core.PyException;
import org.python.core.PyInteger;
import org.python.core.PyObject;
import org.python.core.PyString;
import org.python.core.PyStringMap;

import java.io.CharArrayWriter;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.text.MessageFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Enumeration;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.MissingResourceException;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.util.ResourceBundle;

/**
 * Creates database connections.
 * <p/>
 * <pre>
 * from com.ziclix.python.sql import zxJDBC
 * db = zxJDBC.connect("jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/MySql", None, None, "org.gjt.mm.mysql.Driver")
 * </pre>
 *
 * @author brian zimmer
 * @author last revised by $Author: pjenvey $
 * @version $Revision: 6544 $
 */
public class zxJDBC extends PyObject implements ClassDictInit {

    /**
     * Field Error
     */
    public static PyObject Error = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field Warning
     */
    public static PyObject Warning = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field InterfaceError
     */
    public static PyObject InterfaceError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field DatabaseError
     */
    public static PyObject DatabaseError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field InternalError
     */
    public static PyObject InternalError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field OperationalError
     */
    public static PyObject OperationalError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field ProgrammingError
     */
    public static PyObject ProgrammingError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field IntegrityError
     */
    public static PyObject IntegrityError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field DataError
     */
    public static PyObject DataError = Py.None;

    /**
     * Field NotSupportedError
     */
    public static PyObject NotSupportedError = Py.None;

    /**
     * The ResourceBundle with error messages and doc strings
     */
    private static ResourceBundle resourceBundle = null;

    /**
     * Instance used to create date-like objects as per the API
     */
    public static DateFactory datefactory = new JavaDateFactory();

    static {
        try {
            resourceBundle =
                    ResourceBundle.getBundle("com.ziclix.python.sql.resource.zxJDBCMessages");
        } catch (MissingResourceException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException("missing zxjdbc resource bundle");
        }
    }

    /**
     * Initializes the module.
     *
     * @param dict
     */
    public static void classDictInit(PyObject dict) {
        PyObject version =
                Py.newString("$Revision: 6544 $").__getslice__(Py.newInteger(11),
                                                               Py.newInteger(-2));

        dict.__setitem__("apilevel", new PyString("2.0"));
        dict.__setitem__("threadsafety", new PyInteger(1));
        dict.__setitem__("paramstyle", new PyString("qmark"));
        dict.__setitem__("__version__", version);
        dict.__setitem__("Date", new zxJDBCFunc("Date", 1, 3, 3,
                                                "construct a Date from year, month, day"));
        dict.__setitem__("Time", new zxJDBCFunc("Time", 2, 3, 3,
                                                "construct a Date from hour, minute, second"));
        dict.__setitem__("Timestamp",
                         new zxJDBCFunc("Timestamp", 3, 6, 6,
                                        "construct a Timestamp from year, month, day, hour, "
                                        + "minute, second"));
        dict.__setitem__("DateFromTicks",
                         new zxJDBCFunc("DateFromTicks", 4, 1, 1,
                                        "construct a Date from seconds since the epoch"));
        dict.__setitem__("TimeFromTicks",
                         new zxJDBCFunc("TimeFromTicks", 5, 1, 1,
                                        "construct a Time from seconds since the epoch"));
        dict.__setitem__("TimestampFromTicks",
                         new zxJDBCFunc("TimestampFromTicks", 6, 1, 1,
                                        "construct a Timestamp from seconds since the epoch"));
        dict.__setitem__("Binary",
                         new zxJDBCFunc("Binary", 7, 1, 1,
                                        "construct an object capable of holding binary data"));
        zxJDBC._addSqlTypes(dict);
        zxJDBC._addConnectors(dict);
        zxJDBC._buildExceptions(dict);

        // hide from python
        dict.__setitem__("initModule", null);
        dict.__setitem__("toString", null);
        dict.__setitem__("getPyClass", null);
        dict.__setitem__("classDictInit", null);
        dict.__setitem__("_addSqlTypes", null);
        dict.__setitem__("_addConnectors", null);
        dict.__setitem__("_buildExceptions", null);
        dict.__setitem__("buildClass", null);
        dict.__setitem__("createExceptionMessage", null);
        dict.__setitem__("resourceBundle", null);
        dict.__setitem__("getString", null);
        dict.__setitem__("makeException", null);
    }

    /**
     * Add the types from java.sql.Types
     *
     * @param dict
     * @throws PyException
     */
    protected static void _addSqlTypes(PyObject dict) throws PyException {
        PyDictionary sqltype = new PyDictionary();

        dict.__setitem__("sqltype", sqltype);

        try {
            Class<?> c = Class.forName("java.sql.Types");
            Field[] fields = c.getFields();

            for (Field f : fields) {
                PyString name = Py.newString(f.getName());
                PyObject value = new DBApiType(f.getInt(c));
                dict.__setitem__(name, value);
                sqltype.__setitem__(value, name);
            }

            c = Class.forName("java.sql.ResultSet");
            fields = c.getFields();

            for (Field f : fields) {
                PyString name = Py.newString(f.getName());
                PyObject value = Py.newInteger(f.getInt(c));
                dict.__setitem__(name, value);
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            throw makeException(t);
        }

        dict.__setitem__("ROWID", dict.__getitem__(Py.newString("OTHER")));
        dict.__setitem__("NUMBER", dict.__getitem__(Py.newString("NUMERIC")));
        dict.__setitem__("STRING", dict.__getitem__(Py.newString("VARCHAR")));
        dict.__setitem__("DATETIME", dict.__getitem__(Py.newString("TIMESTAMP")));
    }

    /**
     * Add all the possible connectors
     *
     * @param dict
     * @throws PyException
     */
    protected static void _addConnectors(PyObject dict) throws PyException {
        PyObject connector = Py.None;
        Properties props = new Properties();

        props.put("connect", "com.ziclix.python.sql.connect.Connect");
        props.put("lookup", "com.ziclix.python.sql.connect.Lookup");
        props.put("connectx", "com.ziclix.python.sql.connect.Connectx");

        Enumeration<?> names = props.propertyNames();

        while (names.hasMoreElements()) {
            String name = ((String) names.nextElement()).trim();
            String className = props.getProperty(name).trim();

            try {
                connector = (PyObject) Class.forName(className).newInstance();
                dict.__setitem__(name, connector);
                Py.writeComment("zxJDBC", "loaded connector [" + className + "] as [" + name
                                + "]");
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                Py.writeComment("zxJDBC", "failed to load connector [" + name
                                + "] using class [" + className + "]");
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Create the exception classes and get their descriptions from the resource bundle.
     *
     * @param dict
     */
    protected static void _buildExceptions(PyObject dict) {
        Error = buildClass("Error", Py.StandardError);
        Warning = buildClass("Warning", Py.StandardError);
        InterfaceError = buildClass("InterfaceError", Error);
        DatabaseError = buildClass("DatabaseError", Error);
        InternalError = buildClass("InternalError", DatabaseError);
        OperationalError = buildClass("OperationalError", DatabaseError);
        ProgrammingError = buildClass("ProgrammingError", DatabaseError);
        IntegrityError = buildClass("IntegrityError", DatabaseError);
        DataError = buildClass("DataError", DatabaseError);
        NotSupportedError = buildClass("NotSupportedError", DatabaseError);
    }

    /**
     * Return the string associated with the key for the default resource bundle.  It
     * first checks for 'key.N' where N starts at 0 and increments by one.  If any indexed
     * key is found, the results of all the indexed values are concatenated with the line
     * separator.  If no indexed key is found, it defaults to checking the bundle by the
     * key value alone.
     *
     * @param key
     * @return String
     */
    public static String getString(String key) {
        int i = 0;
        List<String> lines = null;
        String resource = null;
        while (true) {
            try {
                resource = resourceBundle.getString(key + "." + (i++));
                if (lines == null) {
                    lines = new ArrayList<String>();
                }
                lines.add(resource);
            } catch (MissingResourceException e) {
                break;
            }
        }
        if (lines == null || lines.size() == 0) {
            try {
                resource = resourceBundle.getString(key);
            } catch (MissingResourceException e) {
                return key;
            }
        } else {
            String sep = System.getProperty("line.separator");
            StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
            for (i = 0; i < lines.size() - 1; i++) {
                sb.append(lines.get(i)).append(sep);
            }
            sb.append(lines.get(lines.size() - 1));
            resource = sb.toString();
        }
        return resource;
    }

    /**
     * Return a formatted string.  The key is used to get the format and the values
     * are passed, along with the format, to a MessageFormat who formats it appropriately.
     *
     * @param key
     * @param values
     * @return String
     */
    public static String getString(String key, Object[] values) {
        String format = getString(key);
        return MessageFormat.format(format, values);
    }

    /**
     * Return a newly instantiated PyException of the type Error.
     *
     * @param msg
     * @return PyException
     */
    public static PyException makeException(String msg) {
        return makeException(Error, msg);
    }

    /**
     * Return a newly instantiated PyException of the given type.
     *
     * @param type
     * @param msg
     * @return PyException
     */
    public static PyException makeException(PyObject type, String msg) {
        return Py.makeException(type, msg == null ? Py.EmptyString : Py.newString(msg));
    }

    /**
     * Return a newly instantiated PyException of the type Error.
     *
     * @param throwable
     * @return PyException
     */
    public static PyException makeException(Throwable throwable) {
        PyObject type = Error;
        if (throwable instanceof SQLException) {
            String state = ((SQLException)throwable).getSQLState();
            // The SQL standard is not freely available, but
            // http://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/errcodes-appendix.html
            // contains most of the SQLSTATES codes.
            // Otherwise, the state is not following the standard.
            if (state != null && state.length() == 5) {
                if (state.startsWith("23")) {
                    // Class 23 => Integrity Constraint Violation
                    type = IntegrityError;
                } else if (state.equals("40002")) {
                    // 40002  => TRANSACTION INTEGRITY CONSTRAINT VIOLATION
                    type = IntegrityError;
                }
            }
        }
        return makeException(type, throwable);
    }

    /**
     * Return a newly instantiated PyException of the given type.
     *
     * @param type
     * @param t
     * @return PyException
     */
    public static PyException makeException(PyObject type, Throwable t) {
        return makeException(type, t, -1);
    }

    /**
     * Return a newly instantiated PyException of the given type.
     *
     * @param type
     * @param t
     * @param rowIndex Row index where the error has happened.  Useful for diagnosing.
     * @return PyException
     */
    public static PyException makeException(PyObject type, Throwable t, int rowIndex) {
        if (Options.showJavaExceptions) {
            CharArrayWriter buf = new CharArrayWriter();
            PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(buf);
            writer.println("Java Traceback:");
            if (t instanceof PyException) {
                ((PyException) t).super__printStackTrace(writer);
            } else {
                t.printStackTrace(writer);
            }
            Py.stderr.print(buf.toString());
        }

        if (t instanceof PyException) {
            return (PyException) t;
        } else if (t instanceof SQLException) {
            SQLException sqlException = (SQLException) t;
            StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
            do {
                buffer.append(sqlException.getMessage());
                buffer.append(" [SQLCode: " + sqlException.getErrorCode() + "]");
                if (sqlException.getSQLState() != null) {
                    buffer.append(", [SQLState: " + sqlException.getSQLState() + "]");
                }
                if (rowIndex >= 0) {
                    buffer.append(", [Row number: " + rowIndex + "]");
                }
                sqlException = sqlException.getNextException();
                if (sqlException != null) {
                    buffer.append(System.getProperty("line.separator"));
                }
            } while (sqlException != null);

            return makeException(type, buffer.toString());
        } else {
            return makeException(type, t.getMessage());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Method buildClass
     *
     * @param classname
     * @param superclass
     * @param classCodeName
     * @return PyObject
     */
    protected static PyObject buildClass(String classname, PyObject superclass) {
        PyObject dict = new PyStringMap();
        dict.__setitem__("__doc__", Py.newString(getString(classname)));
        dict.__setitem__("__module__", Py.newString("zxJDBC"));
        return Py.makeClass(classname, superclass, dict);
    }
}

class zxJDBCFunc extends PyBuiltinFunctionSet {

    zxJDBCFunc(String name, int index, int minargs, int maxargs, String doc) {
        super(name, index, minargs, maxargs, doc);
    }

    @Override
    public PyObject __call__(PyObject arg) {
        long ticks;
        switch (index) {
            case 4:
                ticks = ((Number) arg.__tojava__(Number.class)).longValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.DateFromTicks(ticks);
            case 5:
                ticks = ((Number) arg.__tojava__(Number.class)).longValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.TimeFromTicks(ticks);
            case 6:
                ticks = ((Number) arg.__tojava__(Number.class)).longValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.TimestampFromTicks(ticks);
            case 7:
                if (arg instanceof PyString) {
                    arg = PyArray.TYPE.__call__(Py.newString("b"), arg);
                }
                return arg;
            default :
                throw info.unexpectedCall(1, false);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public PyObject __call__(PyObject arga, PyObject argb, PyObject argc) {
        switch (index) {
            case 1:
                int year = ((Number) arga.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int month = ((Number) argb.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int day = ((Number) argc.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.Date(year, month, day);
            case 2:
                int hour = ((Number) arga.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int minute = ((Number) argb.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int second = ((Number) argc.__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.Time(hour, minute, second);
            default :
                throw info.unexpectedCall(3, false);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public PyObject fancyCall(PyObject[] args) {
        switch (index) {
            case 3:
                int year = ((Number) args[0].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int month = ((Number) args[1].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int day = ((Number) args[2].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int hour = ((Number) args[3].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int minute = ((Number) args[4].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                int second = ((Number) args[5].__tojava__(Number.class)).intValue();
                return zxJDBC.datefactory.Timestamp(year, month, day, hour, minute, second);
            default :
                throw info.unexpectedCall(args.length, false);
        }
    }
}
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