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restlet 1.0.8 » org » restlet » resource » DomRepresentation.java
/*
 * Copyright 2005-2007 Noelios Consulting.
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the Common Development
 * and Distribution License (the "License"). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at
 * http://www.opensource.org/licenses/cddl1.txt See the License for the specific
 * language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each file and
 * include the License file at http://www.opensource.org/licenses/cddl1.txt If
 * applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the fields
 * enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying information:
 * Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 */

package org.restlet.resource;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;

import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.transform.OutputKeys;
import javax.xml.transform.Transformer;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerException;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactoryConfigurationError;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamResult;
import javax.xml.xpath.XPath;
import javax.xml.xpath.XPathFactory;

import org.restlet.data.MediaType;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

/**
 * XML representation based on a DOM document. DOM is a standard XML object
 * model defined by the W3C.
 *
 * @author Jerome Louvel (contact@noelios.com)
 */
public class DomRepresentation extends XmlRepresentation {
    /** The wrapped DOM document. */
    private Document dom;

    /** The source XML representation. */
    private Representation xmlRepresentation;

    /**
     * Constructor for an empty document.
     *
     * @param mediaType
     *            The representation's media type.
     */
    public DomRepresentation(MediaType mediaType) throws IOException {
        super(mediaType);
        this.dom = getDocumentBuilder().newDocument();
    }

    /**
     * Constructor from an existing DOM document.
     *
     * @param mediaType
     *            The representation's media type.
     * @param xmlDocument
     *            The source DOM document.
     */
    public DomRepresentation(MediaType mediaType, Document xmlDocument) {
        super(mediaType);
        this.dom = xmlDocument;
    }

    /**
     * Constructor.
     *
     * @param xmlRepresentation
     *            A source XML representation to parse.
     */
    public DomRepresentation(Representation xmlRepresentation) {
        super(xmlRepresentation.getMediaType());
        this.xmlRepresentation = xmlRepresentation;
    }

    @Override
    public Object evaluate(String expression, QName returnType)
            throws Exception {
        XPath xpath = XPathFactory.newInstance().newXPath();
        xpath.setNamespaceContext(this);
        return xpath.evaluate(expression, getDocument(), returnType);
    }

    /**
     * Returns the wrapped DOM document.
     *
     * @return The wrapped DOM document.
     */
    public Document getDocument() throws IOException {
        if ((this.dom == null) && (this.xmlRepresentation != null)) {
            try {
                this.dom = getDocumentBuilder().parse(
                        xmlRepresentation.getStream());
            } catch (SAXException se) {
                throw new IOException("Couldn't read the XML representation. "
                        + se.getMessage());
            }
        }

        return this.dom;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a document builder properly configured.
     *
     * @return A document builder properly configured.
     */
    private DocumentBuilder getDocumentBuilder() throws IOException {
        try {
            DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
            dbf.setNamespaceAware(isNamespaceAware());
            dbf.setValidating(false);
            return dbf.newDocumentBuilder();
        } catch (ParserConfigurationException pce) {
            throw new IOException("Couldn't create the empty document: "
                    + pce.getMessage());
        }
    }

    /**
     * Sets the wrapped DOM document.
     *
     * @param dom
     *            The wrapped DOM document.
     */
    public void setDocument(Document dom) {
        this.dom = dom;
    }

    /**
     * Writes the representation to a byte stream.
     *
     * @param outputStream
     *            The output stream.
     */
    public void write(OutputStream outputStream) throws IOException {
        try {
            if (getDocument() != null) {
                Transformer transformer = TransformerFactory.newInstance()
                        .newTransformer();

                if (getDocument().getDoctype() != null) {
                    transformer.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.DOCTYPE_SYSTEM,
                            getDocument().getDoctype().getSystemId());
                    transformer.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.DOCTYPE_PUBLIC,
                            getDocument().getDoctype().getPublicId());
                }

                transformer.transform(new DOMSource(getDocument()),
                        new StreamResult(outputStream));
            }
        } catch (TransformerConfigurationException tce) {
            throw new IOException("Couldn't write the XML representation: "
                    + tce.getMessage());
        } catch (TransformerException te) {
            throw new IOException("Couldn't write the XML representation: "
                    + te.getMessage());
        } catch (TransformerFactoryConfigurationError tfce) {
            throw new IOException("Couldn't write the XML representation: "
                    + tfce.getMessage());
        }
    }
}
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