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/* Copyright 2002-2004 Elliotte Rusty Harold
   
   This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of version 2.1 of the GNU Lesser General Public 
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
   
   This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the 
   GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
   
   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with this library; if not, write to the 
   Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, 
   Boston, MA 02111-1307  USA
   
   You can contact Elliotte Rusty Harold by sending e-mail to
   elharo@metalab.unc.edu. Please include the word "XOM" in the
   subject line. The XOM home page is located at http://www.xom.nu/
*/


package nu.xom;

/**
 * <p>
 *  This class represents an XML processing instruction.
 *  Each processing instruction has two key properties:
 * </p>
 * 
 * <ul>
 *   <li>The target, a non-colonized name</li>
 *   <li>The data, a string which does not contain the two character
 *       sequence <code>?&gt;</code>. The syntax of the data
 *       depends completely on the processing instruction. 
 *       Other than forbidding <code>?&gt;</code>, XML defines
 *       no rules for processing instruction data.
 *   </li>
 * </ul>
 * 
 * @author Elliotte Rusty Harold
 * @version 1.0
 *
 */
public class ProcessingInstruction extends Node {

    private String target;
    private String data;

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Create a processing instruction with a certain target and data.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @param target the target of the processing instruction
     * @param data the processing instruction data
     * 
     * @throws IllegalTargetException if the target is not a 
     *    non-colonized name or is the string "xml" in any case
     * @throws IllegalDataException if data contains "?>" or any 
     *    other illegal characters
     */
    public ProcessingInstruction(String target, String data) {
        _setTarget(target);  
        _setValue(data);  
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Create a copy of a processing instruction.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @param instruction the processing instruction to copy
     * 
     */
    public ProcessingInstruction(ProcessingInstruction instruction) {
        this.target = instruction.target;
        this.data = instruction.data;  
    }
    
    
    private ProcessingInstruction() {}
    
    static ProcessingInstruction build(String target, String data) {
        ProcessingInstruction result = new ProcessingInstruction();
        result.target = target;
        result.data = data;
        return result;
    }
    
    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns the processing instruction target.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return the target
     */
    public final String getTarget() {
        return target;
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Sets the target.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @param target the new target
     * 
     * @throws IllegalTargetException if the proposed target 
     *     is not an XML 1.0 non-colonized name or is the string 
     *     "xml" in any case
     */
    public void setTarget(String target) {
        _setTarget(target);
    }  

    
    private void _setTarget(String target) {
        
        try {
            Verifier.checkNCName(target);
        }
        catch (IllegalNameException ex) {
            IllegalTargetException tex = new IllegalTargetException(ex.getMessage()); 
            tex.setData(target);
            throw tex;
        }
        
        if (target.equalsIgnoreCase("xml")) {
            IllegalTargetException tex = new IllegalTargetException(
              target + " is not a legal processing instruction target."
            );
            tex.setData(target);
            throw tex;
        }
        
        this.target = target;
        
    }


    /**
     * <p>
     * Sets the data.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @param data the data to set
     * 
     * @throws IllegalDataException if <code>data</code> is null
     *      or otherwise not legal XML processing instruction data
     */
    public void setValue(String data) {
        _setValue(data);
    }

    
    private void _setValue(String data) {
        
        Verifier.checkPCDATA(data);
        if (data.length() != 0) {
            if (data.indexOf("?>") >= 0) {
                IllegalDataException ex = new IllegalDataException(
                  "Processing instruction data must not contain \"?>\""
                );
                ex.setData(data);
                throw ex;
            }
            if (data.indexOf('\r') >= 0) {
                IllegalDataException ex = new IllegalDataException(
                  "Processing instruction data cannot contain carriage returns"
                );
                ex.setData(data);
                throw ex;
            }
            
            char first = data.charAt(0);
            if (first == ' ' || first == '\n' || first == '\t') {
                IllegalDataException ex =  new IllegalDataException(
                  "Processing instruction data cannot contain " +
                  "leading white space"
                );
                ex.setData(data);
                throw ex;
            }
        }
        this.data = data;
        
    }


    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns the processing instruction data.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return the data of the processing instruction
     *
     */
    public final String getValue() {
        return data;
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Throws <code>IndexOutOfBoundsException</code> because 
     * processing instructions do not have children.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return never returns because processing instructions do not 
     *     have children; always throws an exception.
     * 
     * @param position the index of the child node to return
     * 
     * @throws IndexOutOfBoundsException because processing  
     *     instructions do not have children
     */
    public final Node getChild(int position) {
        throw new IndexOutOfBoundsException(
          "LeafNodes do not have children");        
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns 0 because processing instructions do not have children.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return zero
     */
    public final int getChildCount() {
        return 0;   
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns the actual XML form of this processing instruction, 
     * such as might be copied and pasted from the original document.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return an XML representation of this processing instruction 
     *         as a <code>String</code>
     */
    public final String toXML() {
        
        StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer("<?");
        result.append(target);
        if (data.length() > 0) {
            result.append(' ');
            result.append(data);
        }
        result.append("?>");
        return result.toString(); 
        
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns a deep copy of this processing instruction with no
     * parent, that can be added to this document or a different 
     * one.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return a copy of this <code>ProcessingInstruction</code> 
     *         with no parent
     */
    public Node copy() {
        return new ProcessingInstruction(target, data);
    }

    
    boolean isProcessingInstruction() {
        return true;   
    }

    
    /**
     * <p>
     * Returns a <code>String</code> representation 
     * of this processing instruction suitable for
     * debugging and diagnosis. This is <em>not</em>
     * the XML representation of this processing instruction.
     * </p>
     * 
     * @return a non-XML string representation of this 
     *      <code>ProcessingInstruction</code>
     */
    public final String toString() {
        return "[" + getClass().getName() + ": target=\"" 
         + target + "\"; data=\"" 
         + Text.escapeLineBreaksAndTruncate(data) +"\"]";
    }

    
}
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