Use bitset with enum together : bitset « bitset « C++ Tutorial

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C++ Tutorial » bitset » bitset 
18.1.11.Use bitset with enum together
/* The following code example is taken from the book
 * "The C++ Standard Library - A Tutorial and Reference"
 * by Nicolai M. Josuttis, Addison-Wesley, 1999
 *
 * (C) Copyright Nicolai M. Josuttis 1999.
 * Permission to copy, use, modify, sell and distribute this software
 * is granted provided this copyright notice appears in all copies.
 * This software is provided "as is" without express or implied
 * warranty, and with no claim as to its suitability for any purpose.
 */
#include <bitset>
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main()
{
    /* enumeration type for the bits
     * - each bit represents a color
     */
    enum Color red, yellow, green, blue, white, black, //...,
                 numColors };

    // create bitset for all bits/colors
    bitset<numColors> usedColors;

    // set bits for two colors
    usedColors.set(red);
    usedColors.set(blue);

    // print some bitset data
    cout << "bitfield of used colors:   " << usedColors
         << endl;
    cout << "number   of used colors:   " << usedColors.count()
         << endl;
    cout << "bitfield of unused colors: " << ~usedColors
         << endl;

    // if any color is used
    if (usedColors.any()) {
        // loop over all colors
        for (int c = 0; c < numColors; ++c) {
            // if the actual color is used
            if (usedColors[(Color)c]) {
                //...
            }
        }
    }
}
bitfield of used colors:   001001
number   of used colors:   2
bitfield of unused colors: 110110
18.1.bitset
18.1.1.Initialize a bitset with hex number
18.1.2.A bitset to hold 8-bits
18.1.3.Read a binary number into a bitset
18.1.4.Test value in a bitset
18.1.5.Create a copy of a bitset
18.1.6.Reset bit in a bitset
18.1.7.instantiate a bitset object for 8 bits, given an unsigned long init value
18.1.8.Instantiate a bitset object for holding 5 bits, initialize it to a bit sequence supplied by a string
18.1.9.Instantiate a bitset object for holding 4 bits, all initialized to '0000'
18.1.10.write a decimal integer as a binary number
18.1.11.Use bitset with enum together
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