Use search_n with custom function to find four consecutive elements with value greater than 3 : search_n « STL Algorithms Non modifying sequence operations « C++ Tutorial





/* The following code example is taken from the book
 * "The C++ Standard Library - A Tutorial and Reference"
 * by Nicolai M. Josuttis, Addison-Wesley, 1999
 *
 * (C) Copyright Nicolai M. Josuttis 1999.
 * Permission to copy, use, modify, sell and distribute this software
 * is granted provided this copyright notice appears in all copies.
 * This software is provided "as is" without express or implied
 * warranty, and with no claim as to its suitability for any purpose.
 */

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <deque>
#include <list>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>
#include <iterator>
#include <functional>
#include <numeric>

/* PRINT_ELEMENTS()
 * - prints optional C-string optcstr followed by
 * - all elements of the collection coll
 * - separated by spaces
 */
template <class T>
inline void PRINT_ELEMENTS (const T& coll, const char* optcstr="")
{
    typename T::const_iterator pos;

    std::cout << optcstr;
    for (pos=coll.begin(); pos!=coll.end(); ++pos) {
        std::cout << *pos << ' ';
    }
    std::cout << std::endl;
}

/* INSERT_ELEMENTS (collection, first, last)
 * - fill values from first to last into the collection
 * - NOTE: NO half-open range
 */
template <class T>
inline void INSERT_ELEMENTS (T& coll, int first, int last)
{
    for (int i=first; i<=last; ++i) {
        coll.insert(coll.end(),i);
    }
}

using namespace std;

int main()
{
   deque<int> coll;

   INSERT_ELEMENTS(coll,1,9);
   PRINT_ELEMENTS(coll);

   deque<int>::iterator pos;
   // find four consecutive elements with value greater than 3
   pos = search_n (coll.begin(), coll.end(),    // range
                   4,                           // count
                   3,                           // value
                   greater<int>());             // criterion

   // print result
   if (pos != coll.end()) {
            << "start with " << distance(coll.begin(),pos) +1
            << ". element" << endl;
   }
   else {
            << endl;
   }
}
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four consecutive elements with value > 3 start with 4. element










25.14.search_n
25.14.1.Use search_n to find four consecutive elements with value 3
25.14.2.Use search_n with custom function to find four consecutive elements with value greater than 3
25.14.3.search the vector for the occurrence of a certain pattern with search_n