A Program to Display the Input from a SAX Parser: subclass ContentHandler : SAX « XML « Java Tutorial

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Java Tutorial » XML » SAX 
33.1.4.A Program to Display the Input from a SAX Parser: subclass ContentHandlerPrevious/Next
/*
Code revised from
Java, XML, and JAXP by Arthur Griffith John Wiley & Sons 2002

*/

import java.io.IOException;

import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;

import org.xml.sax.Attributes;
import org.xml.sax.ContentHandler;
import org.xml.sax.ErrorHandler;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.Locator;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.SAXParseException;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;

class MyContentHandler implements ContentHandler {
  private Locator locator;

  public void setDocumentLocator(Locator locator) {
    this.locator = locator;
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Document ID: " + locator.getSystemId());
  }

  public void startDocument() {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Document parse started");
  }

  public void endDocument() {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Document parse ended");
  }

  public void startPrefixMapping(String prefix, String uri) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Namespace scope begins");
    System.out.println("     " + prefix + "=\"" + uri + "\"");
  }

  public void endPrefixMapping(String prefix) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Namespace scope ends");
    System.out.println("     " + prefix);
  }

  public void startElement(String namespaceURI, String localName, String qName, Attributes atts) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Opening tag of an element");
    System.out.println("       Namespace: " + namespaceURI);
    System.out.println("      Local name: " + localName);
    System.out.println("  Qualified name: " + qName);
    for (int i = 0; i < atts.getLength(); i++) {
      System.out.println("       Attribute: " + atts.getQName(i"=\"" + atts.getValue(i"\"");
    }
  }

  public void endElement(String namespaceURI, String localName, String qName) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Closing tag of an element");
    System.out.println("       Namespace: " + namespaceURI);
    System.out.println("      Local name: " + localName);
    System.out.println("  Qualified name: " + qName);
  }

  public void characters(char[] ch, int start, int length) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Character data");
    showCharacters(ch, start, length);
  }

  public void ignorableWhitespace(char[] ch, int start, int length) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Whitespace");
    showCharacters(ch, start, length);
  }

  public void processingInstruction(String target, String data) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Processing Instruction");
    System.out.println("         Target: " + target);
    System.out.println("           Data: " + data);
  }

  public void skippedEntity(String name) {
    System.out.println("-" + locator.getLineNumber() "---Skipped Entity");
    System.out.println("           Name: " + name);
  }

  public void showCharacters(char[] ch, int start, int length) {
    System.out.print("        \"");
    for (int i = start; i < start + length; i++)
      switch (ch[i]) {
      case '\n':
        System.out.print("\\n");
        break;
      case '\r':
        System.out.print("\\r");
        break;
      case '\t':
        System.out.print("\\t");
        break;
      default:
        System.out.print(ch[i]);
        break;
      }
    System.out.println("\"");
  }
}

class MyErrorHandler implements ErrorHandler {
  public void warning(SAXParseException ethrows SAXException {
    show("Warning", e);
    throw (e);
  }

  public void error(SAXParseException ethrows SAXException {
    show("Error", e);
    throw (e);
  }

  public void fatalError(SAXParseException ethrows SAXException {
    show("Fatal Error", e);
    throw (e);
  }

  private void show(String type, SAXParseException e) {
    System.out.println(type + ": " + e.getMessage());
    System.out.println("Line " + e.getLineNumber() " Column " + e.getColumnNumber());
    System.out.println("System ID: " + e.getSystemId());
  }
}

public class SAXDump {
  static public void main(String[] arg) {
    SAXParserFactory spf = SAXParserFactory.newInstance();
    XMLReader reader = null;
    try {
      SAXParser parser = spf.newSAXParser();
      reader = parser.getXMLReader();
    catch (Exception e) {
      System.err.println(e);
      System.exit(1);
    }

    reader.setErrorHandler(new MyErrorHandler());
    reader.setContentHandler(new MyContentHandler());

    try {
      InputSource is = new InputSource("test.xml");
      reader.parse(is);
    catch (SAXException e) {
      System.exit(1);
    catch (IOException e) {
      System.err.println(e);
      System.exit(1);
    }
  }
}
//File: test.xml
<roots>
  <a>
    <b>text</b>
  </a>
</roots>
-1---Document ID: file:///C:/Java_Dev/eclipse31/Eclipse/test.xml
-1---Document parse started
-1---Opening tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: roots
-2---Character data
        "\n  "
-2---Opening tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: a
-3---Character data
        "\n    "
-3---Opening tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: b
-3---Character data
        "text"
-3---Closing tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: b
-4---Character data
        "\n  "
-4---Closing tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: a
-5---Character data
        "\n"
-5---Closing tag of an element
       Namespace: 
      Local name: 
  Qualified name: roots
-6---Document parse ended
33.1.SAX
33.1.1.SAX parer with all its action displayed
33.1.2.SAX Error Checking: A Simple Implementation of the ErrorHandler Interface
33.1.3.The XMLReader interface
33.1.4.A Program to Display the Input from a SAX Parser: subclass ContentHandler
33.1.5.A Class to Convert SAX Parse Information into an XML Document
33.1.6.A Content Handler to Output a Sorted List
33.1.7.Generating SAX Parsing Events by Traversing a DOM Document
33.1.8.Intercepting All Accesses to External Entities During XML SAX Parsing
33.1.9.Accessing features of the SAX parser implementation
33.1.10.Handling SAX errors during parsing
33.1.11.Parsing XML with a simple SAX document handler
33.1.12.Configuring SAX parser factory to produce alternate parser
33.1.13.Using XML locator to indicate current parser position
33.1.14.Calling a .NET Web Service
33.1.15.Sax to DOM converter
33.1.16.Produce a SAX stream from a DOM Document
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