To remove a primary key : PRIMARY KEY « Table « MySQL Tutorial





mysql>
mysql>
mysql> CREATE TABLE Employee(
    ->     id            int,
    ->     first_name    VARCHAR(15),
    ->     last_name     VARCHAR(15),
    ->     start_date    DATE,
    ->     end_date      DATE,
    ->     salary        FLOAT(8,2),
    ->     city          VARCHAR(10),
    ->     description   VARCHAR(15)
    -> );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.24 sec)

mysql>
mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->              values (1,'Jason',    'Martin',  '19960725',  '20060725', 1234.56, 'Toronto',  'Programmer');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(2,'Alison',   'Mathews',  '19760321', '19860221', 6661.78, 'Vancouver','Tester');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(3,'James',    'Smith',    '19781212', '19900315', 6544.78, 'Vancouver','Tester');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(4,'Celia',    'Rice',     '19821024', '19990421', 2344.78, 'Vancouver','Manager');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(5,'Robert',   'Black',    '19840115', '19980808', 2334.78, 'Vancouver','Tester');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.02 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(6,'Linda',    'Green',    '19870730', '19960104', 4322.78,'New York',  'Tester');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(7,'David',    'Larry',    '19901231', '19980212', 7897.78,'New York',  'Manager');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> insert into Employee(id,first_name, last_name, start_date, end_Date,   salary,  City,       Description)
    ->               values(8,'James',    'Cat',     '19960917',  '20020415', 1232.78,'Vancouver', 'Tester');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql> select * from Employee;
+------+------------+-----------+------------+------------+---------+-----------+-------------+
| id   | first_name | last_name | start_date | end_date   | salary  | city      | description |
+------+------------+-----------+------------+------------+---------+-----------+-------------+
|    1 | Jason      | Martin    | 1996-07-25 | 2006-07-25 | 1234.56 | Toronto   | Programmer  |
|    2 | Alison     | Mathews   | 1976-03-21 | 1986-02-21 | 6661.78 | Vancouver | Tester      |
|    3 | James      | Smith     | 1978-12-12 | 1990-03-15 | 6544.78 | Vancouver | Tester      |
|    4 | Celia      | Rice      | 1982-10-24 | 1999-04-21 | 2344.78 | Vancouver | Manager     |
|    5 | Robert     | Black     | 1984-01-15 | 1998-08-08 | 2334.78 | Vancouver | Tester      |
|    6 | Linda      | Green     | 1987-07-30 | 1996-01-04 | 4322.78 | New York  | Tester      |
|    7 | David      | Larry     | 1990-12-31 | 1998-02-12 | 7897.78 | New York  | Manager     |
|    8 | James      | Cat       | 1996-09-17 | 2002-04-15 | 1232.78 | Vancouver | Tester      |
+------+------------+-----------+------------+------------+---------+-----------+-------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql>
mysql> ALTER TABLE Employee ADD PRIMARY KEY (last_name(6),first_name(6));
Query OK, 8 rows affected (0.01 sec)
Records: 8  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> desc Employee;
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| id          | int(11)     | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| first_name  | varchar(15) | NO   | PRI |         |       |
| last_name   | varchar(15) | NO   | PRI |         |       |
| start_date  | date        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| end_date    | date        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| salary      | float(8,2)  | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| city        | varchar(10) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| description | varchar(15) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER TABLE Employee DROP PRIMARY KEY;
Query OK, 8 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 8  Duplicates: 0  Warnings: 0

mysql> desc Employee;
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field       | Type        | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| id          | int(11)     | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| first_name  | varchar(15) | NO   |     |         |       |
| last_name   | varchar(15) | NO   |     |         |       |
| start_date  | date        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| end_date    | date        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| salary      | float(8,2)  | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| city        | varchar(10) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| description | varchar(15) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
+-------------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
8 rows in set (0.02 sec)

mysql>
mysql>
mysql> drop table Employee;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>
mysql>










4.15.PRIMARY KEY
4.15.1.Primary Keys
4.15.2.Create primary key in column definition
4.15.3.Create primary key after column definition
4.15.4.Multiple-Column Primary Keys
4.15.5.Auto_INCREMENT primary key
4.15.6.Use two columns as the combined primary key
4.15.7.Use partial indexing as the primary key
4.15.8.ALTER TABLE table_name ADD PRIMARY KEY index_name (column_name[,...]);
4.15.9.To drop a PRIMARY KEY
4.15.10.To remove a primary key
4.15.11.Alter table to drop primary key and foreign key
4.15.12.Add Index and primary key to a table in table creation command