Cpp - Logical Operators Truth Table

Introduction

The logical operators are the boolean operators && (AND), ||(OR), and !(NOT).

They can create compound conditions and perform conditional execution of a program depending on multiple conditions.

A logical expression results in a value false or true.

"Truth" table for logical operators &&, ||

A B A && B A || B
true true true true
true false false true
false true false true
false false false false

"Truth" table for logical operators !

A !A
true false
false true

Examples

x y Logical Expression Result
1 -1 x <= y || y >=0 false
0 0 x > -2 && y == 0 true
-1 0 x && !y true
0 1!(x+1) || y - 1 > 0false

A numeric value, such as x or x+1, is interpreted as "false" if its value is 0.

Any value other than 0 is interpreted as "true."

The OR operator || will return true only if at least one operand is true, so the value of the expression

```(length < 0.2) || (length > 9.8)
```

is true if length is less than 0.2or greater than 9.8.

The AND operator && will return true only if both operands are true, so the logical expression

```(index < max) && (cin >> number)
```

is true, provided index is less than max and a number is successfully input.

If the condition index < max is not met, the program will not attempt to read a number!

For logical operators && and ||, the left operand is evaluated first and if a result has already been decided, the right operand will not be evaluated!