## What is Addition Operator?

The addition operator (+) is used in the form

operand1 + operand2

The addition arithmetic operator + adds two numeric values together.

The operands may be any numeric literals, numeric variables, numeric expressions, or method calls.

byte b1;
b1 = 3 + 2;

## Demo

public class Main {
public static void main(**String**[] args) {
byte b1; /*w w w .j av a2 s . co m*/
b1 = 3 + 2;
**System**.out.println(b1);
}
}

## Result

The compiler will check the range of results for constant values.

## Demo

public class Main {
public static void main(**String**[] args) {
byte b1; //from ww w .j a v a2s . co m
b1 = 15 + 110; // Ok. 125 is in the range -128 and 127
**System**.out.println(b1);
//b1 = 15 + 210; // Error. 225 is in the range -128 and 127
}
}

## Result

## Addition Operator Promotion

In the following code, i is promoted to int and i + 5 is of the data type int. int to byte assignment is not permitted.

byte b1 = 2;
int i = 10;
// An error.
b1 = i + 5;
b1 = (byte)(i + 5); // OK

f1 is promoted to double and f1 + d1 is of the data type double

float f1 = 2.5F;
double d1 = 20.0;
f1 = f1 + d1; //An error.

i is promoted to float and i + f1 is of the data type float

float f1 = 2.5F;
int i = 10;
f1 = i + f1; // Ok.

i is promoted to double and i + d1 is of data type double. double to float assignment is not permitted

double d1 = 20.0;
int i = 10;
float f1 = 2.5F;
f1 = i + d1; // An error.
f1 = (float)(i + d1); // OK

2.0 and 3.2 are of the type double. The result of 2.0 + 3.2 is 5.2, which is of the type double. double to float assignment is not permitted.

float f1 = 2.5F;
f1 = 2.0 + 3.2; //An error.

2.0F and 3.2F are of the type float. The result of 2.0F + 3.2F, which is 5.2F, is of the type float.

float f1 = 2.5F;
f1 = 2.0F + 3.2F; // Ok.

j is promoted to float and f1 + j is of the data type float. float to double assignment is permitted.

int i = 10;
float f1 = 2.5F;
double d1 = f1 + i; // Ok.