When you create a buffer, all elements of the buffer are initialized to a value of zero.
Each element of a buffer has an index.
The first element has an index of 0 and the last element has an index of capacity ? 1.
You can create a buffer by using the allocate() factory method:
// Create a byte buffer with the capacity as 8 ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.allocate(8); // Assigns 8 to the capacity variable int capacity = bb.capacity(); // Create a character buffer with the capacity as 1024 CharBuffer cb = CharBuffer.allocate(1024);
A byte buffer method allocateDirect() creates a byte buffer from the operating system memory, not from the JVM heap.
You should use a direct byte buffer when a buffer is long-lived.
You can use the isDirect() method of the ByteBuffer class to check if a buffer is direct or non-direct.
// Create a direct byte buffer of 512 bytes capacity ByteBuffer bbd = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(512);
Another way to create a buffer is to wrap an array using the buffer's static wrap() method, like so:
// Have an array of bytes byte byteArray = new byte; // Create a byte buffer by wrapping the byteArray ByteBuffer bb = ByteBuffer.wrap(byteArray);