Java - File Input Output Scanner class


Scanner class in java.util package reads and parses a text, based on a pattern, into primitive types and strings.

The source can be an InputStream, a file, a String object, or a Readable object.

You can use a Scanner object to read primitive type values from the standard input

Scanner class has many methods named liked hasNextXxx() and nextXxx(), where Xxx is a data type, such as int, double, etc.

The hasNextXxx() method checks if the next token from the source can be interpreted as a value of the Xxx type.

nextXxx() method returns a value of a particular data type.

The following code show how to use the Scanner class by building a calculator to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.


import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
    // Read three tokens from the console: operand-1 operation operand-2
    System.out.print("input something like 1 + 2");

    // Build a scanner for the standard input
    Scanner scanner = new Scanner(;
    double n1 = Double.NaN;
    double n2 = Double.NaN;
    String operation = null;/*from   w  ww  .  j  av  a2  s  . c  o m*/

    try {
      n1 = scanner.nextDouble();
      operation =;
      n2 = scanner.nextDouble();

      double result = calculate(n1, n2, operation);
      System.out.printf("%s %s %s = %.2f%n", n1, operation, n2, result);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      System.out.println("An invalid expression.");

  public static double calculate(double op1, double op2, String operation) {
    switch (operation) {
    case "+":
      return op1 + op2;
    case "-":
      return op1 - op2;
    case "*":
      return op1 * op2;
    case "/":
      return op1 / op2;

    return Double.NaN;


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