Decodes Base64 data into octets - Java java.lang

Java examples for java.lang:String Base64

Description

Decodes Base64 data into octets

Demo Code


//package com.java2s;

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] argv) throws Exception {
        String encoded = "java2s.com";
        System.out.println(java.util.Arrays.toString(decode(encoded)));
    }/*from w  w w .  jav a  2s. c  o  m*/

    private static final int BASELENGTH = 128;
    private static final int FOURBYTE = 4;
    private static char PAD = '=';
    private static byte[] base64Alphabet = new byte[BASELENGTH];

    /**
     * Decodes Base64 data into octets
     *
     * @param encoded string containing Base64 data
     * @return Array containind decoded data.
     */
    public static byte[] decode(String encoded) {

        if (encoded == null) {
            return null;
        }

        char[] base64Data = encoded.toCharArray();
        // remove white spaces
        int len = removeWhiteSpace(base64Data);

        if (len % FOURBYTE != 0) {
            return null;// should be divisible by four
        }

        int numberQuadruple = (len / FOURBYTE);

        if (numberQuadruple == 0) {
            return new byte[0];
        }

        byte decodedData[] = null;
        byte b1 = 0, b2 = 0, b3 = 0, b4 = 0;
        char d1 = 0, d2 = 0, d3 = 0, d4 = 0;

        int i = 0;
        int encodedIndex = 0;
        int dataIndex = 0;
        decodedData = new byte[(numberQuadruple) * 3];

        for (; i < numberQuadruple - 1; i++) {

            if (!isData((d1 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))
                    || !isData((d2 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))
                    || !isData((d3 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))
                    || !isData((d4 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))) {
                return null;
            }// if found "no data" just return null

            b1 = base64Alphabet[d1];
            b2 = base64Alphabet[d2];
            b3 = base64Alphabet[d3];
            b4 = base64Alphabet[d4];

            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (b1 << 2 | b2 >> 4);
            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (((b2 & 0xf) << 4) | ((b3 >> 2) & 0xf));
            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (b3 << 6 | b4);
        }

        if (!isData((d1 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))
                || !isData((d2 = base64Data[dataIndex++]))) {
            return null;// if found "no data" just return null
        }

        b1 = base64Alphabet[d1];
        b2 = base64Alphabet[d2];

        d3 = base64Data[dataIndex++];
        d4 = base64Data[dataIndex++];
        if (!isData((d3)) || !isData((d4))) {// Check if they are PAD characters
            if (isPad(d3) && isPad(d4)) {
                if ((b2 & 0xf) != 0)// last 4 bits should be zero
                {
                    return null;
                }
                byte[] tmp = new byte[i * 3 + 1];
                System.arraycopy(decodedData, 0, tmp, 0, i * 3);
                tmp[encodedIndex] = (byte) (b1 << 2 | b2 >> 4);
                return tmp;
            } else if (!isPad(d3) && isPad(d4)) {
                b3 = base64Alphabet[d3];
                if ((b3 & 0x3) != 0)// last 2 bits should be zero
                {
                    return null;
                }
                byte[] tmp = new byte[i * 3 + 2];
                System.arraycopy(decodedData, 0, tmp, 0, i * 3);
                tmp[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (b1 << 2 | b2 >> 4);
                tmp[encodedIndex] = (byte) (((b2 & 0xf) << 4) | ((b3 >> 2) & 0xf));
                return tmp;
            } else {
                return null;
            }
        } else { // No PAD e.g 3cQl
            b3 = base64Alphabet[d3];
            b4 = base64Alphabet[d4];
            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (b1 << 2 | b2 >> 4);
            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (((b2 & 0xf) << 4) | ((b3 >> 2) & 0xf));
            decodedData[encodedIndex++] = (byte) (b3 << 6 | b4);

        }

        return decodedData;
    }

    /**
     * remove WhiteSpace from MIME containing encoded Base64 data.
     *
     * @param data the byte array of base64 data (with WS)
     * @return the new length
     */
    private static int removeWhiteSpace(char[] data) {
        if (data == null) {
            return 0;
        }

        // count characters that's not whitespace
        int newSize = 0;
        int len = data.length;
        for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            if (!isWhiteSpace(data[i])) {
                data[newSize++] = data[i];
            }
        }
        return newSize;
    }

    private static boolean isData(char octect) {
        return (octect < BASELENGTH && base64Alphabet[octect] != -1);
    }

    private static boolean isPad(char octect) {
        return (octect == PAD);
    }

    private static boolean isWhiteSpace(char octect) {
        return (octect == 0x20 || octect == 0xd || octect == 0xa || octect == 0x9);
    }
}

Related Tutorials