Oracle SQL - Select BETWEEN Operator

Introduction

The BETWEEN operator allows you to formulate certain conditions a bit more easily.

select ename, init, msal 
from   emp 
where  msal between 1300 and 1600; 
  

BETWEEN operator includes both border values (1300 and 1600) of the interval.

The BETWEEN operator has its own built-in negation option.

Therefore, the following three SQL expressions are logically equivalent:

where msal NOT between 1000 and 2000 
where NOT msal between 1000 and 2000 
where msal < 1000 OR msal > 2000  

Demo

SQL>
SQL> drop table emp;

Table dropped.-- w w w.  j  av a  2 s. c  o m

SQL> create table emp(
  2  empno      NUMBER(4)    primary key,
  3  ename      VARCHAR2(8)  not null   ,
  4  init       VARCHAR2(5)  not null   ,
  5  job        VARCHAR2(8)             ,
  6  mgr        NUMBER(4)               ,
  7  bdate      DATE         not null   ,
  8  msal       NUMBER(6,2)  not null   ,
  9  comm       NUMBER(6,2)             ,
 10  deptno     NUMBER(2)    default 10) ;
SQL>
SQL> insert into emp values(7001,'SMITH','N',  'TRAINER', 7902,date '1975-12-17',  1800 , NULL, 20);
SQL> insert into emp values(7002,'ALLEN','JAM','SALESREP',7006,date '1971-05-20',  1600, 300,   30);
SQL> insert into emp values(7003,'WARD', 'TF' ,'SALESREP',7006,date '1972-03-02',  1250, 500,   10);
SQL> insert into emp values(7004,'JACK', 'JM', 'MANAGER', 7009,date '1977-04-02',  2975, NULL,  20);
SQL> insert into emp values(7005,'BROWN','P',  'SALESREP',7006,date '1976-09-28',  1250, 1400,  30);
SQL> insert into emp values(7006,'BLAKE','R',  'MANAGER', 7009,date '1973-11-01',  2850, NULL,  10);
SQL> insert into emp values(7007,'CLARK','AB', 'MANAGER', 7009,date '1975-06-09',  2450, NULL,  10);
SQL> insert into emp values(7008,'SCOTT','DEF','TRAINER', 7004,date '1979-11-26',  3000, NULL,  20);
SQL> insert into emp values(7009,'KING', 'CC', 'DIRECTOR',NULL,date '1972-10-17',  5000, NULL,  10);
SQL> insert into emp values(7010,'BREAD','JJ', 'SALESREP',7006,date '1978-09-28',  1500, 0,     30);
SQL> insert into emp values(7011,'ADAMS','AA', 'TRAINER', 7008,date '1976-12-30',  1100, NULL,  20);
SQL> insert into emp values(7012,'JONES','R',  'ADMIN',   7006,date '1979-10-03',  8000, NULL,  30);
SQL> insert into emp values(7902,'FORD', 'MG', 'TRAINER', 7004,date '1979-02-13',  3000, NULL,  20);
SQL> insert into emp values(7934,'MARY', 'ABC','ADMIN',   7007,date '1972-01-23',  1300, NULL,  10);
SQL> select ename, init, msal
  2  from   emp
  3  where  msal between 1300 and 1600;

ENAME    | INIT  |      MSAL
-------- | ----- | ---------
ALLEN    | JAM   |  01600.00
BREAD    | JJ    |  01500.00
MARY     | ABC   |  01300.00

SQL>
SQL> select ename, init, msal
  2  from   emp
  3  where NOT msal between 1000 and 1600;

ENAME    | INIT  |      MSAL
-------- | ----- | ---------
SMITH    | N     |  01800.00
JACK     | JM    |  02975.00
BLAKE    | R     |  02850.00
CLARK    | AB    |  02450.00
SCOTT    | DEF   |  03000.00
KING     | CC    |  05000.00
JONES    | R     |  08000.00
FORD     | MG    |  03000.00

8 rows selected.

SQL>
SQL> select ename, init, msal
  2  from   emp
  3  where msal < 1000 OR msal > 1600;

ENAME    | INIT  |      MSAL
-------- | ----- | ---------
SMITH    | N     |  01800.00
JACK     | JM    |  02975.00
BLAKE    | R     |  02850.00
CLARK    | AB    |  02450.00
SCOTT    | DEF   |  03000.00
KING     | CC    |  05000.00
JONES    | R     |  08000.00
FORD     | MG    |  03000.00

8 rows selected.

SQL>