getc() function in stdio.h reads a single character from a stream.
It returns the character code as type int.
The argument to getc() is the stream identifier.
When the end of a stream is read, getc() returns the value EOF (end of file).
EOF is a symbol that is defined in stdio.h as a negative integer.
getchar() function reads one character at a time from stdin and is equivalent to calling getc() with stdin as the argument.
The getchar() function is defined in stdio.h, and its prototype is:
The getchar() function requires no arguments, and it returns the code for the character read from the input stream as type int.