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Create an object using reflection

Create an object using reflection
/*
C#: The Complete Reference 
by Herbert Schildt 

Publisher: Osborne/McGraw-Hill (March 8, 2002)
ISBN: 0072134852
*/


// Create an object using reflection. 
 
using System; 
using System.Reflection; 
 
class MyClass { 
  int x; 
  int y; 
 
  public MyClass(int i) { 
    Console.WriteLine("Constructing MyClass(int, int). "); 
    x = y = i;  
  } 
 
  public MyClass(int i, int j) { 
    Console.WriteLine("Constructing MyClass(int, int). "); 
    x = i; 
    y = j; 
    show(); 
  } 
 
  public int sum() { 
    return x+y; 
  } 
 
  public bool isBetween(int i) { 
    if((x < i) && (i < y)) return true; 
    else return false; 
  } 
 
  public void set(int a, int b) { 
    Console.Write("Inside set(int, int). "); 
    x = a; 
    y = b; 
    show(); 
  } 
 
  // Overload set. 
  public void set(double a, double b) { 
    Console.Write("Inside set(double, double). "); 
    x = (int) a; 
    y = (int) b; 
    show(); 
  } 
 
  public void show() { 
    Console.WriteLine("Values are x: {0}, y: {1}", x, y); 
  } 
 
} 
 
public class InvokeConsDemo { 
  public static void Main() { 
    Type t = typeof(MyClass); 
    int val; 
 
    // Get constructor info. 
    ConstructorInfo[] ci = t.GetConstructors(); 
 
    Console.WriteLine("Available constructors: "); 
    foreach(ConstructorInfo c in ci) { 
      // Display return type and name. 
      Console.Write("   " + t.Name + "("); 
 
      // Display parameters. 
      ParameterInfo[] pi = c.GetParameters(); 
 
      for(int i=0; i < pi.Length; i++) { 
        Console.Write(pi[i].ParameterType.Name + 
                      " " + pi[i].Name); 
        if(i+1 < pi.Length) Console.Write(", "); 
      } 
 
      Console.WriteLine(")"); 
    } 
    Console.WriteLine(); 
 
    // Find matching constructor. 
    int x; 
 
    for(x=0; x < ci.Length; x++) { 
      ParameterInfo[] pi =  ci[x].GetParameters(); 
      if(pi.Length == 2) break; 
    } 
 
    if(x == ci.Length) { 
      Console.WriteLine("No matching constructor found."); 
      return; 
    } 
    else 
      Console.WriteLine("Two-parameter constructor found.\n"); 
 
    // Construct the object.   
    object[] consargs = new object[2]; 
    consargs[0] = 10; 
    consargs[1] = 20; 
    object reflectOb = ci[x].Invoke(consargs); 
 
    Console.WriteLine("\nInvoking methods on reflectOb."); 
    Console.WriteLine(); 
    MethodInfo[] mi = t.GetMethods(); 
 
    // Invoke each method. 
    foreach(MethodInfo m in mi) { 
      // Get the parameters 
      ParameterInfo[] pi = m.GetParameters(); 
 
      if(m.Name.CompareTo("set")==0 && 
         pi[0].ParameterType == typeof(int)) { 
        // This is set(int, int). 
        object[] args = new object[2]; 
        args[0] = 9; 
        args[1] = 18; 
        m.Invoke(reflectOb, args); 
      } 
      else if(m.Name.CompareTo("set")==0 && 
              pi[0].ParameterType == typeof(double)) { 
        // This is set(double, double). 
        object[] args = new object[2]; 
        args[0] = 1.12; 
        args[1] = 23.4; 
        m.Invoke(reflectOb, args); 
      } 
      else if(m.Name.CompareTo("sum")==0) { 
        val = (int) m.Invoke(reflectOb, null); 
        Console.WriteLine("sum is " + val); 
      } 
      else if(m.Name.CompareTo("isBetween")==0) { 
        object[] args = new object[1]; 
        args[0] = 14; 
        if((bool) m.Invoke(reflectOb, args)) 
          Console.WriteLine("14 is between x and y"); 
      } 
      else if(m.Name.CompareTo("show")==0) { 
        m.Invoke(reflectOb, null); 
      } 
    } 
  } 
} 



           
       










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