Sort on many(more than one) fields : Comparator « Collections Data Structure « Java

Sort on many(more than one) fields


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.Iterator;

class Person implements Comparable {
  String firstName, lastName;

  public Person(String f, String l) {
    this.firstName = f;
    this.lastName = l;

  public String getFirstName() {
    return firstName;

  public String getLastName() {
    return lastName;

  public String toString() {
    return "[ firstname=" + firstName + ",lastname=" + lastName + "]";

  public int compareTo(Object obj) {
    Person emp = (Person) obj;
    int deptComp = firstName.compareTo(emp.getFirstName());

    return ((deptComp == 0) ? lastName.compareTo(emp.getLastName()) : deptComp);

  public boolean equals(Object obj) {
    if (!(obj instanceof Person)) {
      return false;
    Person emp = (Person) obj;
    return firstName.equals(emp.getFirstName()) && lastName.equals(emp.getLastName());

class PersonComparator implements Comparator<Person> {
  public int compare(Person emp1, Person emp2) {
    int nameComp = emp1.getLastName().compareTo(emp2.getLastName());
    return ((nameComp == 0) ? emp1.getFirstName().compareTo(emp2.getFirstName()) : nameComp);

public class Main {
  public static void main(String args[]) {
    ArrayList<Person> names = new ArrayList<Person>();
    names.add(new Person("E", "T"));
    names.add(new Person("A", "G"));
    names.add(new Person("B", "H"));
    names.add(new Person("C", "J"));

    Iterator iter1 = names.iterator();
    while (iter1.hasNext()) {
    Collections.sort(names, new PersonComparator());
    Iterator iter2 = names.iterator();
    while (iter2.hasNext()) {

[ firstname=E,lastname=T]
[ firstname=A,lastname=G]
[ firstname=B,lastname=H]
[ firstname=C,lastname=J]

[ firstname=A,lastname=G]
[ firstname=B,lastname=H]
[ firstname=C,lastname=J]
[ firstname=E,lastname=T]


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