Android Open Source - phonegap-cl Connection

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MIT License

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Java Source Code

 *  Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
 *  contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
 *  this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
 *  The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
 *  (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
 *  the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 */*w  ww. j  a  v  a 2 s.c  o m*/
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 *  WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
package com.squareup.okhttp;

import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.Platform;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.http.HttpAuthenticator;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.http.HttpEngine;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.http.HttpTransport;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.http.RawHeaders;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.http.SpdyTransport;
import com.squareup.okhttp.internal.spdy.SpdyConnection;
import java.util.Arrays;

import static;
import static;

 * Holds the sockets and streams of an HTTP, HTTPS, or HTTPS+SPDY connection,
 * which may be used for multiple HTTP request/response exchanges. Connections
 * may be direct to the origin server or via a proxy.
 * <p>Typically instances of this class are created, connected and exercised
 * automatically by the HTTP client. Applications may use this class to monitor
 * HTTP connections as members of a {@link ConnectionPool connection pool}.
 * <p>Do not confuse this class with the misnamed {@code HttpURLConnection},
 * which isn't so much a connection as a single request/response exchange.
 * <h3>Modern TLS</h3>
 * There are tradeoffs when selecting which options to include when negotiating
 * a secure connection to a remote host. Newer TLS options are quite useful:
 * <ul>
 * <li>Server Name Indication (SNI) enables one IP address to negotiate secure
 * connections for multiple domain names.
 * <li>Next Protocol Negotiation (NPN) enables the HTTPS port (443) to be used
 * for both HTTP and SPDY transports.
 * </ul>
 * Unfortunately, older HTTPS servers refuse to connect when such options are
 * presented. Rather than avoiding these options entirely, this class allows a
 * connection to be attempted with modern options and then retried without them
 * should the attempt fail.
public final class Connection implements Closeable {
  private static final byte[] NPN_PROTOCOLS = new byte[] {
      6, 's', 'p', 'd', 'y', '/', '3',
      8, 'h', 't', 't', 'p', '/', '1', '.', '1'
  private static final byte[] SPDY3 = new byte[] {
      's', 'p', 'd', 'y', '/', '3'
  private static final byte[] HTTP_11 = new byte[] {
      'h', 't', 't', 'p', '/', '1', '.', '1'

  private final Route route;

  private Socket socket;
  private InputStream in;
  private OutputStream out;
  private boolean connected = false;
  private SpdyConnection spdyConnection;
  private int httpMinorVersion = 1; // Assume HTTP/1.1
  private long idleStartTimeNs;

  public Connection(Route route) {
    this.route = route;

  public void connect(int connectTimeout, int readTimeout, TunnelRequest tunnelRequest)
      throws IOException {
    if (connected) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("already connected");
    connected = true;
    socket = (route.proxy.type() != Proxy.Type.HTTP) ? new Socket(route.proxy) : new Socket();
    socket.connect(route.inetSocketAddress, connectTimeout);
    in = socket.getInputStream();
    out = socket.getOutputStream();

    if (route.address.sslSocketFactory != null) {

    // Use MTU-sized buffers to send fewer packets.
    int mtu = Platform.get().getMtu(socket);
    in = new BufferedInputStream(in, mtu);
    out = new BufferedOutputStream(out, mtu);

   * Create an {@code SSLSocket} and perform the TLS handshake and certificate
   * validation.
  private void upgradeToTls(TunnelRequest tunnelRequest) throws IOException {
    Platform platform = Platform.get();

    // Make an SSL Tunnel on the first message pair of each SSL + proxy connection.
    if (requiresTunnel()) {

    // Create the wrapper over connected socket.
    socket = route.address.sslSocketFactory
        .createSocket(socket, route.address.uriHost, route.address.uriPort, true /* autoClose */);
    SSLSocket sslSocket = (SSLSocket) socket;
    if (route.modernTls) {
      platform.enableTlsExtensions(sslSocket, route.address.uriHost);
    } else {

    if (route.modernTls) {
      platform.setNpnProtocols(sslSocket, NPN_PROTOCOLS);

    // Force handshake. This can throw!

    // Verify that the socket's certificates are acceptable for the target host.
    if (!route.address.hostnameVerifier.verify(route.address.uriHost, sslSocket.getSession())) {
      throw new IOException("Hostname '" + route.address.uriHost + "' was not verified");

    out = sslSocket.getOutputStream();
    in = sslSocket.getInputStream();

    byte[] selectedProtocol;
    if (route.modernTls
        && (selectedProtocol = platform.getNpnSelectedProtocol(sslSocket)) != null) {
      if (Arrays.equals(selectedProtocol, SPDY3)) {
        sslSocket.setSoTimeout(0); // SPDY timeouts are set per-stream.
        spdyConnection = new SpdyConnection.Builder(route.address.getUriHost(), true, in, out)
      } else if (!Arrays.equals(selectedProtocol, HTTP_11)) {
        throw new IOException(
            "Unexpected NPN transport " + new String(selectedProtocol, "ISO-8859-1"));

  /** Returns true if {@link #connect} has been attempted on this connection. */
  public boolean isConnected() {
    return connected;

  @Override public void close() throws IOException {

  /** Returns the route used by this connection. */
  public Route getRoute() {
    return route;

   * Returns the socket that this connection uses, or null if the connection
   * is not currently connected.
  public Socket getSocket() {
    return socket;

  /** Returns true if this connection is alive. */
  public boolean isAlive() {
    return !socket.isClosed() && !socket.isInputShutdown() && !socket.isOutputShutdown();

  public void resetIdleStartTime() {
    if (spdyConnection != null) {
      throw new IllegalStateException("spdyConnection != null");
    this.idleStartTimeNs = System.nanoTime();

  /** Returns true if this connection is idle. */
  public boolean isIdle() {
    return spdyConnection == null || spdyConnection.isIdle();

   * Returns true if this connection has been idle for longer than
   * {@code keepAliveDurationNs}.
  public boolean isExpired(long keepAliveDurationNs) {
    return isIdle() && System.nanoTime() - getIdleStartTimeNs() > keepAliveDurationNs;

   * Returns the time in ns when this connection became idle. Undefined if
   * this connection is not idle.
  public long getIdleStartTimeNs() {
    return spdyConnection == null ? idleStartTimeNs : spdyConnection.getIdleStartTimeNs();

  /** Returns the transport appropriate for this connection. */
  public Object newTransport(HttpEngine httpEngine) throws IOException {
    return (spdyConnection != null) ? new SpdyTransport(httpEngine, spdyConnection)
        : new HttpTransport(httpEngine, out, in);

   * Returns true if this is a SPDY connection. Such connections can be used
   * in multiple HTTP requests simultaneously.
  public boolean isSpdy() {
    return spdyConnection != null;

  public SpdyConnection getSpdyConnection() {
    return spdyConnection;

   * Returns the minor HTTP version that should be used for future requests on
   * this connection. Either 0 for HTTP/1.0, or 1 for HTTP/1.1. The default
   * value is 1 for new connections.
  public int getHttpMinorVersion() {
    return httpMinorVersion;

  public void setHttpMinorVersion(int httpMinorVersion) {
    this.httpMinorVersion = httpMinorVersion;

   * Returns true if the HTTP connection needs to tunnel one protocol over
   * another, such as when using HTTPS through an HTTP proxy. When doing so,
   * we must avoid buffering bytes intended for the higher-level protocol.
  public boolean requiresTunnel() {
    return route.address.sslSocketFactory != null && route.proxy.type() == Proxy.Type.HTTP;

   * To make an HTTPS connection over an HTTP proxy, send an unencrypted
   * CONNECT request to create the proxy connection. This may need to be
   * retried if the proxy requires authorization.
  private void makeTunnel(TunnelRequest tunnelRequest) throws IOException {
    RawHeaders requestHeaders = tunnelRequest.getRequestHeaders();
    while (true) {
      RawHeaders responseHeaders = RawHeaders.fromBytes(in);

      switch (responseHeaders.getResponseCode()) {
        case HTTP_OK:
        case HTTP_PROXY_AUTH:
          requestHeaders = new RawHeaders(requestHeaders);
          URL url = new URL("https",, tunnelRequest.port, "/");
          boolean credentialsFound = HttpAuthenticator.processAuthHeader(HTTP_PROXY_AUTH,
              responseHeaders, requestHeaders, route.proxy, url);
          if (credentialsFound) {
          } else {
            throw new IOException("Failed to authenticate with proxy");
          throw new IOException(
              "Unexpected response code for CONNECT: " + responseHeaders.getResponseCode());

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