Bag Inverse Cascade Delete Orphan : Cascade Action « Hibernate « Java Tutorial

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Java Tutorial » Hibernate » Cascade Action 
21.10.2.Bag Inverse Cascade Delete OrphanPrevious/Next

File: Main.java

import org.hibernate.Session;

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] argsthrows Exception {
    HibernateUtil hibernateUtil = new HibernateUtil();
    hibernateUtil
        .executeSQLCommand("create table Product(id int, name varchar, description varchar, price decimal(6,2), supplierid int)");
     
    hibernateUtil
    .executeSQLCommand("create table Supplier (id int , name varchar)");

    hibernateUtil
    .executeSQLCommand("create table Software(id int, name varchar, description varchar, price decimal(6,2), supplierid int, version varchar)");

    
    Session session = hibernateUtil.getSession();

    Supplier superCorp = new Supplier();
    superCorp.setName("Supplier1");
    session.save(superCorp);
    
    Supplier megaInc = new Supplier();
    megaInc.setName("Supplier2");
    session.save(megaInc);        

    Product mouse = new Product("Product1","first product"20.0);
    mouse.setSupplier(superCorp);
    superCorp.getProducts().add(mouse);
    session.flush();
    Product mouse2 = new Product("Product2","second product"22.0);
    mouse2.setSupplier(superCorp);
    superCorp.getProducts().add(mouse2);        
    
    Product keyboard = new Product("Product3""third product"30.0);
    keyboard.setSupplier(megaInc);
    megaInc.getProducts().add(keyboard);

    Software webBrowser = new Software("Web Browser","new browser"75.0"2.0");
    webBrowser.setSupplier(superCorp);
    superCorp.getProducts().add(webBrowser);

    Software email = new Software("Email","email client"49.99"4.1 Edition");
    email.setSupplier(megaInc);
    megaInc.getProducts().add(email);    

    session.flush();
    session.close();
    hibernateUtil.checkData("select * from Product");
    hibernateUtil.checkData("select * from Software");
    hibernateUtil.checkData("select * from Supplier");
  }
}

File: Product.hbm.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping
   PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD//EN"
   "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-mapping>
   <class name="Product">
      <id name="id" type="int">
         <generator class="increment"/>
      </id>

      <property name="name" type="string"/>
      <property name="description" type="string"/>
      <property name="price" type="double"/>
      <many-to-one name="supplier" class="Supplier" column="supplierId"/>

   </class>
   
   <query name="Product.HQLpricing">
     select product.price from Product product 
  </query>   
   <sql-query name="Product.SQLpricing">
   <return-scalar column="price" type="double"/>
     select product.price from Product as product
  </sql-query>     
</hibernate-mapping>

File: Product.java

public class Product
{
    private int id;
    private Supplier supplier;
    
    private String name;
    private String description;
    private double price;
    
    public Product()
    {
        super();
    }
    
    public Product(String name, String description, double price)
    {
        super();
        this.name = name;
        this.description = description;
        this.price = price;
    }
    
    public String getDescription()
    {
        return description;
    }
    public void setDescription(String description)
    {
        this.description = description;
    }
    public int getId()
    {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id)
    {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getName()
    {
        return name;
    }
    public void setName(String name)
    {
        this.name = name;
    }
 
    public Supplier getSupplier()
    {
        return supplier;
    }
    public void setSupplier(Supplier supplier)
    {
        this.supplier = supplier;
    }
    
    public double getPrice()
    {
        return price;
    }
    public void setPrice(double price)
    {
        this.price = price;
    }
}

File: Software.hbm.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping
   PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD//EN"
   "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-mapping>
   <joined-subclass name="Software" extends="Product">
      <key column="Id"/>
      <property name="version" type="string"/>
   </joined-subclass>
</hibernate-mapping>

File: Software.java

public class Software extends Product
{
    private String version;
    
    public Software()
    {
        super();
    }
    
    public Software(String name, String description, double price, String version)
    {
        super(name, description, price);
        this.setVersion(version);
    }

    public String getVersion()
    {
        return version;
    }
    public void setVersion(String version)
    {
        this.version = version;
    }
}

File: Supplier.hbm.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping
   PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD//EN"
   "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">

<hibernate-mapping>
   <class name="Supplier" >
      <id name="id" type="int">
         <generator class="increment"/>
      </id>

      <property name="name" type="string"/>
      <bag name="products" inverse="true" cascade="all,delete-orphan">
        <key column="supplierId"/>
        <one-to-many class="Product"/>
      </bag>


   </class>
</hibernate-mapping>

File: Supplier.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class Supplier
{
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private List products = new ArrayList();
    
    public int getId()
    {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id)
    {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getName()
    {
        return name;
    }
    public void setName(String name)
    {
        this.name = name;
    }
    public List getProducts()
    {
        return products;
    }
    public void setProducts(List products)
    {
        this.products = products;
    }
}

File: HibernateUtil.java

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.ResultSetMetaData;
import java.sql.Statement;

import org.hibernate.HibernateException;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;

public class HibernateUtil {
  Session session;
  Statement st;
  public HibernateUtil() throws Exception{
    SessionFactory sessionFactory = new Configuration().configure().buildSessionFactory();
    session = sessionFactory.openSession();

    // Load the JDBC driver.
    Class.forName("org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver");
    System.out.println("Driver Loaded.");
    // Establish the connection to the database.
    String url = "jdbc:hsqldb:data/tutorial";

    Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, "sa""");
    System.out.println("Got Connection.");
    st = conn.createStatement();
  }
  public Session getSession(){
    return session;
  }
  public void executeSQLCommand(String sqlthrows Exception {
    st.executeUpdate(sql);
  }

  public void checkData(String sqlthrows Exception {
    ResultSet rs = st.executeQuery(sql);
    ResultSetMetaData metadata = rs.getMetaData();

    for (int i = 0; i < metadata.getColumnCount(); i++) {
      System.out.print("\t"+ metadata.getColumnLabel(i + 1))
    }
    System.out.println("\n----------------------------------");

    while (rs.next()) {
      for (int i = 0; i < metadata.getColumnCount(); i++) {
        Object value = rs.getObject(i + 1);
        if (value == null) {
          System.out.print("\t       ");
        else {
          System.out.print("\t"+value.toString().trim());
        }
      }
      System.out.println("");
    }
  }
}

File: hibernate.cfg.xml

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
    "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD//EN"
    "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
    <session-factory>
        <!-- Database connection settings -->
        <property name="connection.driver_class">org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver</property>
        <property name="connection.url">jdbc:hsqldb:data/tutorial</property>
        <property name="connection.username">sa</property>
        <property name="connection.password"></property>

        <!-- JDBC connection pool (use the built-in-->
        <property name="connection.pool_size">1</property>

        <!-- SQL dialect -->
        <property name="dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.HSQLDialect</property>
        <!-- Enable Hibernate's current session context -->
        <property name="current_session_context_class">org.hibernate.context.ManagedSessionContext</property>

        <property name="hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache">false</property>
        <property name="hibernate.cache.use_query_cache">false</property>
        
        <!-- Disable the second-level cache  -->
        <property name="cache.provider_class">org.hibernate.cache.NoCacheProvider</property>        
        <!-- Echo all executed SQL to stdout -->
        <property name="show_sql">true</property>
        
        <!-- Mapping files -->
        <mapping resource="Product.hbm.xml"/>
        <mapping resource="Software.hbm.xml"/>
        <mapping resource="Supplier.hbm.xml"/>
    </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>
  Download:  HibernateBagInverseCascadeDeleteOrphan.zip( 4,866 k)
21.10.Cascade Action
21.10.1.Cascade.All
21.10.2.Bag Inverse Cascade Delete Orphan
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