Cascade Type: REFRESH : Cascade Action « JPA « Java Tutorial





File: Employee.java

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;

import javax.persistence.CascadeType;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.ManyToOne;
import javax.persistence.OneToMany;

@Entity
public class Employee {
  @Id
  private int id;

  private String name;

  @ManyToOne(cascade = { CascadeType.REFRESH })
  private Employee manager;

  @OneToMany(mappedBy = "manager")
  private Collection<Employee> directs = new ArrayList<Employee>();

  public int getId() {
    return id;
  }

  public void setId(int id) {
    this.id = id;
  }

  public String getName() {
    return name;
  }

  public void setName(String name) {
    this.name = name;
  }

  public Collection<Employee> getDirects() {
    return directs;
  }

  public void addDirect(Employee employee) {
    if (!getDirects().contains(employee)) {
      getDirects().add(employee);
      if (employee.getManager() != null) {
        employee.getManager().getDirects().remove(employee);
      }
      employee.setManager(this);
    }
  }

  public Employee getManager() {
    return manager;
  }

  public void setManager(Employee manager) {
    this.manager = manager;
  }

}

File: Helper.java

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.ResultSetMetaData;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class Helper {
  public static void checkData() throws Exception {
    Class.forName("org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver");
    Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hsqldb:data/tutorial", "sa", "");
    Statement st = conn.createStatement();

    ResultSet mrs = conn.getMetaData().getTables(null, null, null, new String[] { "TABLE" });
    while (mrs.next()) {
      String tableName = mrs.getString(3);
      System.out.println("\n\n\n\nTable Name: "+ tableName);

      ResultSet rs = st.executeQuery("select * from " + tableName);
      ResultSetMetaData metadata = rs.getMetaData();
      while (rs.next()) {
        System.out.println(" Row:");
        for (int i = 0; i < metadata.getColumnCount(); i++) {
          System.out.println("    Column Name: "+ metadata.getColumnLabel(i + 1)+ ",  ");
          System.out.println("    Column Type: "+ metadata.getColumnTypeName(i + 1)+ ":  ");
          Object value = rs.getObject(i + 1);
          System.out.println("    Column Value: "+value+"\n");
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

File: Main.java

import java.util.List;

import javax.persistence.EntityManager;
import javax.persistence.EntityManagerFactory;
import javax.persistence.Persistence;
import javax.persistence.Query;

public class Main {
  static EntityManagerFactory emf = Persistence.createEntityManagerFactory("JPAService");

  static EntityManager em = emf.createEntityManager();

  public static void main(String[] a) throws Exception {
    em.getTransaction().begin();




    em.getTransaction().commit();
    em.close();
    emf.close();

    Helper.checkData();
  }
}

File: persistence.xml

<persistence xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence"
             xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
             xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/persistence/persistence" version="1.0">
  <persistence-unit name="JPAService" transaction-type="RESOURCE_LOCAL">
    <properties>
      <property name="hibernate.dialect" value="org.hibernate.dialect.HSQLDialect"/>
      <property name="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto" value="update"/>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.driver_class" value="org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver"/>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.username" value="sa"/>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.password" value=""/>
      <property name="hibernate.connection.url" value="jdbc:hsqldb:data/tutorial"/>
    </properties>
  </persistence-unit>
</persistence>
  Download:  JPA-CascadeTypeREFRESH.zip( 5,287 k)










22.12.Cascade Action
22.12.1.With Cascade.All Linked Entity Auto Save
22.12.2.Cascade Type: REFRESH