Create a loop that prints a list of all employees and their managers : Select into « PL SQL Statements « Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial





SQL>
SQL> -- create demo table
SQL> create table Employee(
  2    ID                 VARCHAR2(4 BYTE)         NOT NULL,
  3    First_Name         VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  4    Last_Name          VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  5    Start_Date         DATE,
  6    End_Date           DATE,
  7    Salary             Number(8,2),
  8    City               VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  9    Description        VARCHAR2(15 BYTE)
 10  )
 11  /

Table created.

SQL>
SQL> -- prepare data
SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2               values ('01','Jason',    'Martin',  to_date('19960725','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20060725','YYYYMMDD'), 1234.56, 'Toronto',  'Programmer')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('02','Alison',   'Mathews', to_date('19760321','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19860221','YYYYMMDD'), 6661.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('03','James',    'Smith',   to_date('19781212','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19900315','YYYYMMDD'), 6544.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('04','Celia',    'Rice',    to_date('19821024','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19990421','YYYYMMDD'), 2344.78, 'Vancouver','Manager')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('05','Robert',   'Black',   to_date('19840115','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980808','YYYYMMDD'), 2334.78, 'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('06','Linda',    'Green',   to_date('19870730','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19960104','YYYYMMDD'), 4322.78,'New York',  'Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('07','David',    'Larry',   to_date('19901231','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980212','YYYYMMDD'), 7897.78,'New York',  'Manager')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('08','James',    'Cat',     to_date('19960917','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20020415','YYYYMMDD'), 1232.78,'Vancouver', 'Tester')
  3  /

1 row created.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- display data in the table
SQL> select * from Employee
  2  /

ID   FIRST_NAME LAST_NAME  START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY       DESCRIPTION
---- ---------- ---------- --------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------------
01   Jason      Martin     25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06    1234.56 Toronto    Programmer
02   Alison     Mathews    21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86    6661.78 Vancouver  Tester
03   James      Smith      12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90    6544.78 Vancouver  Tester
04   Celia      Rice       24-OCT-82 21-APR-99    2344.78 Vancouver  Manager
05   Robert     Black      15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98    2334.78 Vancouver  Tester
06   Linda      Green      30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96    4322.78 New York   Tester
07   David      Larry      31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98    7897.78 New York   Manager
08   James      Cat        17-SEP-96 15-APR-02    1232.78 Vancouver  Tester

8 rows selected.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> create or replace function f_emp_dsp (i_empNo VARCHAR) return VARCHAR2 is
  2  v_out_tx VARCHAR2 (256);
  3  begin
  4      select initcap(first_Name)||': '||initcap(city)
  5        into v_out_tx
  6        from employee
  7        where id = i_empNo;
  8      return v_out_tx;
  9  exception
 10      when no_data_found
 11           then return null;
 12  end;
 13  /

Function created.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL> declare
  2      cursor c_emp  is
  3      select id, first_name
  4      from employee
  5      order by first_name;
  6  begin
  7      for r_emp in c_emp loop
  8          DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line(f_emp_dsp(r_emp.id));
  9      end loop;
 10  end;
 11  /

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- clean the table
SQL> drop table Employee
  2  /

Table dropped.










22.10.Select into
22.10.1.Use Select into statement to assign value to a variable
22.10.2.Multiple-Row SELECT Command with Several Exception-Handling Routines: set value in exception handler
22.10.3.Select data into record type data
22.10.4.Select data into PL/SQL table of cursor
22.10.5.Select count value into a variable
22.10.6.Use if statement to check the selected into value
22.10.7.Use more than one entrances in if statement to handle the value returned from a select into
22.10.8.Retrieving a single row: The basic syntax
22.10.9.Use IF-THEN-ELSE to check the return value from the select into statement
22.10.10.SELECT into ROWTYPE
22.10.11.SELECT into TYPE
22.10.12.Multiple-row SELECT command.
22.10.13.Multiple-row SELECT command with several exception-handling routines
22.10.14.Create a loop that prints a list of all employees and their managers
22.10.15.You must have the same datatypes in both the SELECT and INTO clauses.
22.10.16.select pair value into two variables
22.10.17.Build an anonymous block that will trigger an error.
22.10.18.Demo a SELECT INTO with exception handling
22.10.19.Select into and subquery