Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial

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Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial
1.Introduction
2.Query Select
3.Set
4.Insert Update Delete
5.Sequences
6.Table
7.Table Joins
8.View
9.Index
10.SQL Data Types
11.Character String Functions
12.Aggregate Functions
13.Date Timestamp Functions
14.Numerical Math Functions
15.Conversion Functions
16.Analytical Functions
17.Miscellaneous Functions
18.Regular Expressions Functions
19.Statistical Functions
20.Linear Regression Functions
21.PL SQL Data Types
22.PL SQL Statements
23.PL SQL Operators
24.PL SQL Programming
25.Cursor
26.Collections
27.Function Procedure Packages
28.Trigger
29.SQL PLUS Session Environment
30.System Tables Data Dictionary
31.System Packages
32.Object Oriented
33.XML
34.Large Objects
35.Transaction
36.User Privilege
Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial 




1.Introduction
1.1.dual1.6.Print
1.2.Arithmetic operator1.7.Variable
1.3.Comparison Operators1.8.Comments
1.4.Logical Operators1.9.Terminology
1.5.Null Values1.10.Database Normalization
2.Query Select
2.1.Introduction2.22.IS NOT INFINITE
2.2.Select clause2.23.IS NOT NAN
2.3.Where2.24.IS NULL
2.4.Order By2.25.NOT
2.5.Group By2.26.NOT BETWEEN
2.6.HAVING2.27.NOT IN
2.7.DISTINCT2.28.NOT LIKE
2.8.Columns2.29.Level
2.9.Concatenation2.30.ROWID
2.10.Arithmetic2.31.rownum
2.11.AND OR2.32.GUID
2.12.Alias2.33.ROW
2.13.ALL2.34.START WITH
2.14.ANY2.35.with
2.15.CASE2.36.Single Row Subquery
2.16.BETWEEN2.37.Correlated Subquery
2.17.IN2.38.Multiple Row Subquery
2.18.EXISTS2.39.Nested Subquery
2.19.LIKE2.40.Hierarchical Queries
2.20.IS INFINITE2.41.Multi column subquery
2.21.IS NAN2.42.CONNECT
3.Set
3.1.Introduction3.5.Union
3.2.Intersect3.6.MULTISET UNION
3.3.MINUS3.7.SUBMULTISET
3.4.Union All
4.Insert Update Delete
4.1.Insert4.5.Quotation Mark
4.2.Column Copy4.6.RETURNING
4.3.Update4.7.Insert Select
4.4.Delete
5.Sequences
5.1.Create Sequence5.5.Primary Key
5.2.Sequence Information5.6.Value
5.3.Modify Sequence5.7.Alter Sequence
5.4.Drop Sequence
6.Table
6.1.Create Table6.13.Check
6.2.View Table Structure6.14.Default Column Value
6.3.Alter Table6.15.Primary Key
6.4.Copy Table6.16.FOREIGN KEY
6.5.Merge6.17.References
6.6.Rename Table6.18.Table Storage
6.7.Comment6.19.tablespace
6.8.Drop Table6.20.Temporary Table
6.9.Truncate Table6.21.Add Column
6.10.Constraint6.22.Drop Column
6.11.NOT NULL6.23.comment
6.12.Unique6.24.Cluster
7.Table Joins
7.1.Introduction7.9.SQL 92 Syntax
7.2.Table Alias7.10.Outer Join SQL 92 Syntax
7.3.Inner Joins7.11.Self Join SQL 92 Syntax
7.4.Outer Joins Left Right7.12.Cross Join SQL 92 Syntax
7.5.Outer Joins Limitations7.13.natural join
7.6.Self Joins7.14.USING
7.7.Cartesian Products7.15.Order
7.8.Non equality table join7.16.Group
8.View
8.1.Create View8.6.Drop View
8.2.Insert View8.7.Complex View
8.3.Modify View8.8.Filter View
8.4.Select View8.9.Materialized View
8.5.View Sturcutre8.10.Update View
9.Index
9.1.Create Index9.4.Modify Index
9.2.Drop Index9.5.Timing Index
9.3.Functional Index9.6.Alter Index
10.SQL Data Types
10.1.Introduction10.8.Date Type Convert
10.2.int10.9.Number
10.3.CHAR10.10.Time Interval
10.4.VARCHAR210.11.Timestamp Timezone
10.5.character Unicode10.12.Timestamp
10.6.Date10.13.Timezone
10.7.Date Format
11.Character String Functions
11.1.Introduction11.12.RPAD
11.2.ASCII11.13.LTRIM
11.3.CHR11.14.RTRIM
11.4.CONCAT11.15.TRIM
11.5.INITCAP11.16.REPLACE
11.6.INSTR11.17.SOUNDEX
11.7.unistr11.18.SUBSTR
11.8.LENGTH11.19.VSIZE
11.9.LOWER11.20.COMPOSE
11.10.UPPER11.21.CONTAINS
11.11.LPAD11.22.DUMP
12.Aggregate Functions
12.1.Introduction12.7.STDDEV
12.2.AVG12.8.SUM
12.3.COUNT12.9.VARIANCE
12.4.MAX12.10.Group By
12.5.MEDIAN12.11.Incorrect Usage
12.6.MIN
13.Date Timestamp Functions
13.1.Introduction13.14.NUMTOYMINTERVAL
13.2.ADD_MONTHS13.15.ROUND
13.3.CURRENT_DATE13.16.SESSIONTIMEZONE
13.4.CURRENT_TIMESTAMP13.17.SYSDATE
13.5.DBTIMEZONE13.18.SYSTIMESTAMP
13.6.EXTRACT13.19.SYS_EXTRACT_UTC
13.7.FROM_TZ13.20.TO_CHAR
13.8.LAST_DAY13.21.TO_DATE
13.9.LOCALTIMESTAMP13.22.TO_TIMESTAMP
13.10.MONTHS_BETWEEN13.23.TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ
13.11.NEW_TIME13.24.TRUNC
13.12.NEXT_DAY13.25.TZ_OFFSET
13.13.NUMTODSINTERVAL13.26.Date Arithmetic
14.Numerical Math Functions
14.1.Introduction14.14.Log
14.2.ABS14.15.MOD
14.3.ACOS14.16.POWER
14.4.ASIN14.17.ROUND
14.5.ATAN14.18.SIGN
14.6.ATAN214.19.SIN
14.7.BITAND14.20.SINH
14.8.CEIL14.21.SQRT
14.9.COS14.22.TAN
14.10.COSH14.23.TANH
14.11.EXP14.24.to_binary_double
14.12.FLOOR14.25.to_binary_float
14.13.LN14.26.TRUNC
15.Conversion Functions
15.1.Introduction15.8.TO_NUMBER
15.2.DECODE15.9.TRANSLATE
15.3.NVL15.10.Cast
15.4.NVL215.11.coalesce
15.5.ROWIDTOCHAR15.12.HEXTORAW
15.6.ROWIDTONCHAR15.13.TO_MULTI_BYTE
15.7.TO_CHAR15.14.TO_SINGLE_BYTE
16.Analytical Functions
16.1.Introduction16.18.NTILE
16.2.ROWNUM16.19.Nulls First Last
16.3.ROW_NUMBER16.20.OVER
16.4.RANK16.21.PERCENTILE_CONT
16.5.DENSE_RANK16.22.PERCENTILE_DISC
16.6.PERCENT_RANK16.23.RANGE
16.7.PARTITION_BY16.24.ROLLUP
16.8.CUBE16.25.MODEL
16.9.CUME_DIST16.26.SPREADSHEET
16.10.FIRST_VALUE16.27.Top
16.11.LAST_VALUE16.28.UNBOUNDED
16.12.Group by16.29.Window Functions
16.13.GROUPING16.30.HAVING
16.14.GROUPING_ID16.31.Order
16.15.First16.32.Table Joins
16.16.Last16.33.Where
16.17.LEAD LAG
17.Miscellaneous Functions
17.1.Introduction17.4.SQLERRM SQLCODE
17.2.GREATEST17.5.USER
17.3.LEAST
18.Regular Expressions Functions
18.1.Introduction18.7.Brackets
18.2.REGEXP_INSTR18.8.Bracketed Special Classes
18.3.REGEXP_LIKE18.9.OR
18.4.REGEXP_REPLACE18.10.Ranges
18.5.REGEXP_SUBSTR18.11.Repitition
18.6.Meta characters
19.Statistical Functions
19.1.AVG19.5.COVAR_POP
19.2.Corr19.6.COVAR_SAMP
19.3.Corr_K19.7.Cume_Dist
19.4.Corr_S19.8.MEDIAN
20.Linear Regression Functions
20.1.Introduction20.14.Stats_Mw_Test
20.2.REGR_AVGX20.15.STATS_ONE_WAY_ANOVA
20.3.REGR_AVGY20.16.STATS_T_TEST_INDEP
20.4.REGR_COUNT20.17.STATS_T_TEST_INDEPU
20.5.REGR_INTERCEPT20.18.STATS_T_TEST_ONE
20.6.REGR_R220.19.STATS_T_TEST_PAIRED
20.7.REGR_SLOPE20.20.STATS_WSR_TEST
20.8.REGR_SXX20.21.STDDEV
20.9.REGR_SXY20.22.STDDEV_POP
20.10.REGR_SYY20.23.STDDEV_SAMP
20.11.STATS_CROSSTAB20.24.VARIANCE
20.12.STATS_F_TEST20.25.VAR_POP
20.13.STATS_MODE20.26.VAR_SAMP
21.PL SQL Data Types
21.1.Introduction21.25.RAW
21.2.CHAR21.26.ROWID
21.3.CHAR Type Convert21.27.ROWTYPE
21.4.VARCHAR221.28.TYPE
21.5.CHAR VARCHAR2 Functions21.29.Column Type
21.6.DATE21.30.RECORD
21.7.TIMESTAMP21.31.Object
21.8.INTERVAL21.32.XMLTYPE
21.9.Data Type Conversion21.33.BINARY_INTEGER DOUBLE FLOAT
21.10.Date Functions21.34.MSLABEL
21.11.Date Type Convert21.35.CONSTANT
21.12.Convert to Date21.36.Subtype Custom Type
21.13.Boolean21.37.Variable Scope
21.14.Number21.38.AnyData
21.15.Convert to Number21.39.ANYTYPE
21.16.Number Format21.40.BLOB
21.17.Number Type Convert21.41.BFILE
21.18.Numeric Functions21.42.CLOB
21.19.PLS_INTEGER21.43.long
21.20.POSITIVE21.44.HttpUriType
21.21.INTEGER21.45.UROWID
21.22.LONG21.46.XMLType
21.23.NATURAL21.47.Unicode
21.24.NULL21.48.BINARY_DOUBLE
22.PL SQL Statements
22.1.IF22.13.Rollback Commit
22.2.CASE22.14.Binded variable
22.3.Loop22.15.Dynamic SQL
22.4.For LOOP22.16.Execute immediate
22.5.GOTO22.17.bulk collect
22.6.Labeled statement22.18.forall
22.7.While22.19.RETURNING
22.8.EXIT22.20.Timing a Statement
22.9.DDL Statement22.21.Autonomous Transaction
22.10.Select into22.22.Dynamic SQL statement
22.11.Named Block22.23.NULL
22.12.Nested Block22.24.RAISE
23.PL SQL Operators
23.1.Operators23.5.IS NULL
23.2.Operator Precedence23.6.Like
23.3.BETWEEN23.7.MOD
23.4.IN
24.PL SQL Programming
24.1.Introduction24.15.Handle Exception
24.2.Variable24.16.Raise Exception
24.3.Variable Scope24.17.raise_application_error
24.4.Code Block24.18.Your Exception
24.5.Decode24.19.SQL FOUND
24.6.TO CHAR24.20.SQL NOTFOUND
24.7.TO_DATE24.21.User Defined Exceptions
24.8.TO_NUMBER24.22.DBMS_OUTPUT
24.9.Delete24.23.DBMS_RANDOM
24.10.Insert24.24.DBMS_ROWID
24.11.Update24.25.dbms_stats
24.12.LEVEL24.26.dbms_utility
24.13.Error24.27.DBMS_WARNING
24.14.Exception24.28.ORA
25.Cursor
25.1.Introduction25.9.Explicit Cursor
25.2.Cursor Declaration25.10.Cursor for Update
25.3.Cursor Open25.11.Cursor Parameter
25.4.Fetch25.12.ref cursor
25.5.LOOP25.13.REFCURSOR
25.6.Close Cursor25.14.Cursor Attributes
25.7.Cursor Status25.15.refcursor
25.8.Implicit Cursor25.16.Cursor function
26.Collections
26.1.Introduction26.15.POWERMULTISET
26.2.Varray26.16.POWERMULTISET_BY_CARDINALITY
26.3.VARRAY Column26.17.IN
26.4.Varray_of Varchar226.18.IS A SET
26.5.Varray Methods26.19.IS EMPTY
26.6.Varray of Number26.20.IS NULL
26.7.Associative Arrays26.21.MEMBER OF
26.8.Nested Tables26.22.Table Collection Attributes
26.9.Nested Table Column26.23.Table of Number
26.10.CARDINALITY26.24.Table of Record
26.11.COLLECT26.25.Table of rowtype
26.12.SET26.26.Table of Type
26.13.SUBMULTISET26.27.Table of Varchar2
26.14.MULTISET
27.Function Procedure Packages
27.1.Function27.15.IN Parameters
27.2.Nested Functions27.16.Out Parameters
27.3.Function Return27.17.IN OUT Parameters
27.4.Recursive Functions27.18.NOCOPY
27.5.Procedure27.19.Overloading
27.6.Create Procedure27.20.View Errors
27.7.Procedure Return27.21.Print Output
27.8.Update in Procedure27.22.Debug
27.9.Drop Procedure27.23.EXEC
27.10.Packages27.24.Show error
27.11.Package Body27.25.transaction
27.12.Package Variables27.26.Utility Function
27.13.Alter recompile27.27.Utility Package
27.14.Parameters27.28.Utility Procedure
28.Trigger
28.1.Introduction28.11.INSTEAD OF
28.2.Trigger28.12.Auidt Table
28.3.NEW OLD28.13.Schema Trigger
28.4.Row Level Trigger28.14.Database Level Trigger
28.5.Table level trigger28.15.Deleting
28.6.Before Event Trigger28.16.Inserting
28.7.After Event Trigger28.17.Updating
28.8.Disable Enable Trigger28.18.IS_DROP_COLUMN
28.9.Drop Trigger28.19.Trigger and Transaction
28.10.Trigger on a view28.20.Utility trigger
29.SQL PLUS Session Environment
29.1.Introduction29.33.analyze
29.2.Connect to Sql plus29.34.archived_log
29.3.SHOW ALL29.35.autocommit
29.4.COLUMN29.36.autotrace
29.5.Ttitle BTitle29.37.colsep
29.6.Break29.38.CONTEXT
29.7.COMPUTE29.39.current_schema
29.8.feedback29.40.define
29.9.echo29.41.markup
29.10.pause29.42.noprint
29.11.Line Size29.43.null
29.12.Page Size29.44.numwidth
29.13.Long29.45.plsql_ccflags
29.14.nls_currency29.46.PLSQL_DEBUG
29.15.nls_date_format29.47.plsql_line
29.16.nls_language29.48.PLSQL_OPTIMIZE_LEVEL
29.17.numformat29.49.plsql_warnings
29.18.clear screens29.50.prompt
29.19.SQL PLUS Editor29.51.query_rewrite_integrity
29.20.editor29.52.ratio_to_report
29.21.SQL_TRACE29.53.recyclebin
29.22.AUTOTRACE29.54.sort_area_size
29.23.OPTIMIZER_MODE29.55.spool
29.24.EXPLAIN PLAN29.56.sqlprompt
29.25.SCAN29.57.statname
29.26.serveroutput29.58.Usename
29.27.Timezone29.59.USER
29.28.Timing29.60.userenv
29.29.verify29.61.Variable
29.30.ACCEPT29.62.Session Variables
29.31.Binded Variables29.63.Skip
29.32.System User29.64.SYS_CONTEXT
30.System Tables Data Dictionary
30.1.access30.63.sesstat
30.2.all_col_comments30.64.sql
30.3.all_col_privs30.65.sqlarea
30.4.all_cons_columns30.66.sqltext
30.5.all_constraints30.67.statname
30.6.all_directories30.68.sys_nc_rowinfo
30.7.all_ind_columns30.69.tab
30.8.all_indexes30.70.temp_all_objects
30.9.all_nested_tables30.71.timer
30.10.all_objects30.72.timezone_names
30.11.all_procedures30.73.user_arguments
30.12.all_sequences30.74.user_col_comments
30.13.all_source30.75.user_col_privs_made
30.14.all_synonyms30.76.user_col_privs_recd
30.15.all_tab_columns30.77.user_cons_columns
30.16.all_tab_comments30.78.user_constraints
30.17.all_tab_privs30.79.user_dependencies
30.18.all_tables30.80.user_errors
30.19.all_triggers30.81.user_ind_columns
30.20.all_varrays30.82.user_indexes
30.21.all_views30.83.user_indextypes
30.22.cat30.84.user_jobs
30.23.col30.85.user_libraries
30.24.DB_OBJECT_CACHE30.86.user_method_params
30.25.db_pipes30.87.user_nested_tables
30.26.DBA_AUDIT_OBJECT30.88.user_object_size
30.27.DBA_AUDIT_SESSION30.89.user_object_tables
30.28.dba_ddl_locks30.90.user_objects
30.29.dba_dependencies30.91.user_operators
30.30.dba_extents30.92.user_plsql_object_settings
30.31.dba_data_files30.93.user_policies
30.32.DBA_FREE_SPACE30.94.user_procedures
30.33.dba_indexes30.95.user_segments
30.34.dba_jobs30.96.user_sequences
30.35.dba_jobs_running30.97.user_source
30.36.dba_locks30.98.user_stored_settings
30.37.dba_objects30.99.user_synonyms
30.38.DBA_OBJECT_SIZE30.100.user_sys_privs
30.39.dba_role_privs30.101.user_tab_columns
30.40.dba_sys_privs30.102.user_tab_comments
30.41.dba_tab_columns30.103.user_tab_privs_made
30.42.dba_tab_privs30.104.user_tab_privs_recd
30.43.dba_tables30.105.user_tables
30.44.dba_tablespaces30.106.user_triggers
30.45.dba_triggers30.107.user_types
30.46.dba_users30.108.user_updatable_columns
30.47.DICTIONARY30.109.user_varrays
30.48.dict_columns30.110.user_views
30.49.lock30.111.v_buffer_pool
30.50.logmnr_contents30.112.v_controlfile
30.51.nls_parameters30.113.V_DATAFILE
30.52.object_table30.114.v_dbfile
30.53.open_cursor30.115.V_INSTANCE
30.54.parameter30.116.v_lock
30.55.process30.117.v_log_history
30.56.role_sys_privs30.118.v_nls_parameters
30.57.session_context30.119.V_PARAMETER
30.58.rowcache30.120.V_SESSION
30.59.SESSION_LONGOPS30.121.V_SGA
30.60.session_privs30.122.v_sql
30.61.sess_io30.123.v_statistics_level
30.62.session
31.System Packages
31.1.DBMS_ALERT31.22.dbms_rls
31.2.dbms_application_info31.23.dbms_rowid
31.3.DBMS_AQ31.24.dbms_session
31.4.dbms_aqadm31.25.dbms_space
31.5.dbms_crypto31.26.DBMS_SQL
31.6.DBMS_DB_VERSION31.27.DBMS_STATS
31.7.DBMS_DDL31.28.DBMS_TRANSACTION
31.8.DBMS_DEBUG31.29.DBMS_TYPES
31.9.dbms_fga31.30.dbms_utility
31.10.dbms_java31.31.dbms_wm
31.11.DBMS_JOB31.32.dbms_xmlschema
31.12.DBMS_LOB31.33.File Read with UTL_FILE
31.13.dbms_lock31.34.owa_util
31.14.dbms_logmnr31.35.File Write with UTL_FILE
31.15.dbms_metadata31.36.system_privilege_map
31.16.dbms_obfuscation_toolkit31.37.HTP
31.17.DBMS_OUTPUT31.38.UTL_FILE
31.18.DBMS_PIPE31.39.utl_raw
31.19.dbms_preprocessor31.40.utl_smtp
31.20.DBMS_PROFILER31.41.utl_tcp
31.21.DBMS_RANDOM
32.Object Oriented
32.1.Object Type32.13.Delete
32.2.Constructor32.14.Update
32.3.Member Function32.15.CAST
32.4.type body32.16.THE
32.5.Type Inheritance32.17.VALUE Function
32.6.Object Instance32.18.DEREF function
32.7.Object Column32.19.table function
32.8.Object Reference Column32.20.Alter Type
32.9.Object Table32.21.Describe Type
32.10.Nested Object Table32.22.Drop Type
32.11.Select32.23.FINAL
32.12.Insert
33.XML
33.1.Introduction33.7.extract
33.2.Insert33.8.UPDATEXML
33.3.xmlelement33.9.xdburitype
33.4.XMLTYPE33.10.xmlattribute
33.5.extractvalue33.11.XPath
33.6.existsNode
34.Large Objects
34.1.Introduction34.7.REF function
34.2.BFILE34.8.to_clob
34.3.BLOB34.9.TO_LOB
34.4.CLOB34.10.EMPTY_BLOB
34.5.DIRECTORY34.11.EMPTY_CLOB
34.6.LONG34.12.bfilename
35.Transaction
35.1.Introduction35.4.SAVEPOINT
35.2.Commit35.5.Transaction Level
35.3.Rollback35.6.Flashbacks
36.User Privilege
36.1.Create User36.6.Password
36.2.User Permission36.7.Roles
36.3.Drop User36.8.Synonyms
36.4.Lock unlock36.9.System Privileges
36.5.Object Privileges
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