Module Attributes to Aid in Multi-platform Development : path « File « Python Tutorial

import os

print os.linesep      # String used to separate lines in a file
print os.sep        # String used to separate file pathname components
print os.pathsep    # String used to delimit a set of file pathnames
print os.curdir        # String name for current working directory
print os.pardir        # String name for parent (of current working directory)

path = "c:/"
print path
print os.path.isfile(path)
print os.path.isdir(path)
print os.path.split(path)
print os.path.splitext(os.path.basename(path))

12.21.1.Module Attributes to Aid in Multi-platform Development
12.21.2.os.path.abspath(path) returns a string version of the absolute path of the path specified
12.21.3.os.path module provides exists(path), isdir(path), and isfile(path) to check for the existence of files and directories
12.21.4.os.chdir(path) changes the current working directory
12.21.5.Walking the Directory Tree
12.21.6.Searching for Files Based on Extension
12.21.7.Working with Directories
12.21.8.Splitting Pathnames
12.21.9.Listing Directories
12.21.10.Listing Directories with glob
12.21.11.Get full path