Handling an Unnamed Exception : Handle Exception « PL SQL Programming « Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial

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Oracle PL/SQL Tutorial » PL SQL Programming » Handle Exception 
24.15.4.Handling an Unnamed Exception
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- create demo table
SQL> create table Employee(
  2    ID                 VARCHAR2(BYTE)         NOT NULL,
  3    First_Name         VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  4    Last_Name          VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  5    Start_Date         DATE,
  6    End_Date           DATE,
  7    Salary             Number(8,2),
  8    City               VARCHAR2(10 BYTE),
  9    Description        VARCHAR2(15 BYTE)
 10  )
 11  /

Table created.

SQL>
SQL> -- prepare data
SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2               values ('01','Jason',    'Martin',  to_date('19960725','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20060725','YYYYMMDD'), 1234.56'Toronto',  'Programmer')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('02','Alison',   'Mathews', to_date('19760321','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19860221','YYYYMMDD'), 6661.78'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('03','James',    'Smith',   to_date('19781212','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19900315','YYYYMMDD'), 6544.78'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('04','Celia',    'Rice',    to_date('19821024','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19990421','YYYYMMDD'), 2344.78'Vancouver','Manager')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary,  City,       Description)
  2                values('05','Robert',   'Black',   to_date('19840115','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980808','YYYYMMDD'), 2334.78'Vancouver','Tester')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('06','Linda',    'Green',   to_date('19870730','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19960104','YYYYMMDD'), 4322.78,'New York',  'Tester')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('07','David',    'Larry',   to_date('19901231','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('19980212','YYYYMMDD'), 7897.78,'New York',  'Manager')
  3  /

row created.

SQL> insert into Employee(ID,  First_Name, Last_Name, Start_Date,                     End_Date,                       Salary, City,        Description)
  2                values('08','James',    'Cat',     to_date('19960917','YYYYMMDD'), to_date('20020415','YYYYMMDD'), 1232.78,'Vancouver', 'Tester')
  3  /

row created.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
SQL> -- display data in the table
SQL> select from Employee
  2  /

ID   FIRST_NAME           LAST_NAME            START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY       DESCRIPTION
---- -------------------- -------------------- --------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------------
01   Jason                Martin               25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06    1234.56 Toronto    Programmer
02   Alison               Mathews              21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86    6661.78 Vancouver  Tester
03   James                Smith                12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90    6544.78 Vancouver  Tester
04   Celia                Rice                 24-OCT-82 21-APR-99    2344.78 Vancouver  Manager
05   Robert               Black                15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98    2334.78 Vancouver  Tester
06   Linda                Green                30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96    4322.78 New York   Tester
07   David                Larry                31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98    7897.78 New York   Manager
08   James                Cat                  17-SEP-96 15-APR-02    1232.78 Vancouver  Tester

rows selected.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL> create or replace procedure p_updateLoc(i_id VARCHAR, i_new_loc VARCHAR2)
  2  is
  3       v_error NUMBER;
  4       v_sqlerrm  VARCHAR2(4000);
  5  begin
  6    update employee
  7    set city=i_new_loc
  8    where id=i_id;
  9  exception
 10    when others then
 11          v_error :=sqlcode;
 12          v_sqlerrm := sqlerrm;
 13          DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('i_id:'||i_id);
 14          DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('v_error:'||v_error);
 15          DBMS_OUTPUT.put_line('v_sqlerrm:'||v_sqlerrm);
 16          if sqlcode=-60 then -- deadlock error is ORA-00060
 17          null;
 18     else
 19        raise;
 20     end if;
 21  end;
 22  /

Procedure created.

SQL> call p_updateLoc('01', 'AA');

Call completed.

SQL>
SQL> select from employee;

ID   FIRST_NAME           LAST_NAME            START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY       DESCRIPTION
---- -------------------- -------------------- --------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------------
01   Jason                Martin               25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06    1234.56 AA         Programmer
02   Alison               Mathews              21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86    6661.78 Vancouver  Tester
03   James                Smith                12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90    6544.78 Vancouver  Tester
04   Celia                Rice                 24-OCT-82 21-APR-99    2344.78 Vancouver  Manager
05   Robert               Black                15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98    2334.78 Vancouver  Tester
06   Linda                Green                30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96    4322.78 New York   Tester
07   David                Larry                31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98    7897.78 New York   Manager
08   James                Cat                  17-SEP-96 15-APR-02    1232.78 Vancouver  Tester

rows selected.

SQL>
SQL> call p_updateLoc('02', 'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA');
i_id:02
v_error:-12899
v_sqlerrm:ORA-12899: value too large for column "JAVA2S"."EMPLOYEE"."CITY" (actual: 40, maximum: 10)
call p_updateLoc('02', 'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA')
     *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-12899: value too large for column "JAVA2S"."EMPLOYEE"."CITY" (actual: 40, maximum: 10)
ORA-06512: at "JAVA2S.P_UPDATELOC", line 19


SQL>
SQL> select from employee;

ID   FIRST_NAME           LAST_NAME            START_DAT END_DATE      SALARY CITY       DESCRIPTION
---- -------------------- -------------------- --------- --------- ---------- ---------- ---------------
01   Jason                Martin               25-JUL-96 25-JUL-06    1234.56 AA         Programmer
02   Alison               Mathews              21-MAR-76 21-FEB-86    6661.78 Vancouver  Tester
03   James                Smith                12-DEC-78 15-MAR-90    6544.78 Vancouver  Tester
04   Celia                Rice                 24-OCT-82 21-APR-99    2344.78 Vancouver  Manager
05   Robert               Black                15-JAN-84 08-AUG-98    2334.78 Vancouver  Tester
06   Linda                Green                30-JUL-87 04-JAN-96    4322.78 New York   Tester
07   David                Larry                31-DEC-90 12-FEB-98    7897.78 New York   Manager
08   James                Cat                  17-SEP-96 15-APR-02    1232.78 Vancouver  Tester

rows selected.

SQL>
SQL> -- clean the table
SQL> drop table Employee
  2  /

Table dropped.

SQL>
SQL>
SQL>
24.15.Handle Exception
24.15.1.Code with No Exception Handler
24.15.2.Code with Conditional Control to Avoid an Exception
24.15.3.Code with Explicit Handler for Predefined Exception
24.15.4.Handling an Unnamed Exception
24.15.5.Handling a custom exception
24.15.6.An example showing continuing program execution after handling exception
24.15.7.The OTHERS Exception Handler
24.15.8.Assigning a Name to Predefined Exception Code
24.15.9.Using SQLCODE for error code and SQLERRM for error message
24.15.10.Catch custom exception
24.15.11.Handling exceptions without halting the program
24.15.12.Select into statement with exception catch statement
24.15.13.Check OTHERS exception
24.15.14.Error message code and text
24.15.15.Using PRAGMA EXCEPTION_INIT
24.15.16.NO data found
24.15.17.TOO_MANY_ROWS Exception
24.15.18.Use a nested block to catch exceptions from singleton SELECT.
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