The syntax for using the format operator is as follows: format_string % (arguments_to_convert) : Format « String « Python Tutorial

Format Symbol  Conversion
%c              Character (integer [ASCII value] or string of length 1)
%r              String conversion via repr() prior to formatting
%s              String conversion via str() prior to formatting
%d / %i          Signed decimal integer
%u              Unsigned decimal integer
%o              (Unsigned) octal integer
%x/ %X          (Unsigned) hexadecimal integer (lower/UPPERcase letters)
%e / %E         Exponential notation (with lowercase 'e'/UPPERcase 'E')
%f / %F         Floating point real number (fraction truncates naturally)
%g / %G         The shorter of %e and %f/%E% and %F%
%%              Percent character ( % ) unescaped

5.10.1.String formatting is done with the string formatting operator, the percent (%) sign.
5.10.2.Formatted String
5.10.3.String format
5.10.4.A basic conversion specifier
5.10.5.use the string format operator ( % ), or put all of the substrings in a list, and using one join() call to put them all together
5.10.6.The syntax for using the format operator is as follows: format_string % (arguments_to_convert)
5.10.7.Format Operator Auxiliary Directives
5.10.8.String Formatting Conversion Types
5.10.9.print paired with the string format operator ( % )
5.10.10.Width and Precision
5.10.11.Signs, Alignment, and Zero-Padding
5.10.12.A minus sign (-) left-aligns the value:
5.10.13.A blank (" ") means that a blank should be put in front of positive numbers
5.10.14.a plus (+) means that a sign should precede both positive and negative numbers
5.10.15.String formatting.
5.10.16.String-formatting codes
5.10.18.The %e, %f, and %g formats display floating-point numbers in different ways, as the following interaction demonstrates:
5.10.19.Dictionary-Based String Formatting