Returns the root cause of an exception : Exception « Development « Java Tutorial





/** 
 * 
 * The ObjectStyle Group Software License, version 1.1
 * ObjectStyle Group - http://objectstyle.org/
 * 
 * Copyright (c) 2002-2005, Andrei (Andrus) Adamchik and individual authors
 * of the software. All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 * 
 * 3. The end-user documentation included with the redistribution, if any,
 *    must include the following acknowlegement:
 *    "This product includes software developed by independent contributors
 *    and hosted on ObjectStyle Group web site (http://objectstyle.org/)."
 *    Alternately, this acknowlegement may appear in the software itself,
 *    if and wherever such third-party acknowlegements normally appear.
 * 
 * 4. The names "ObjectStyle Group" and "Cayenne" must not be used to endorse
 *    or promote products derived from this software without prior written
 *    permission. For written permission, email
 *    "andrus at objectstyle dot org".
 * 
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "ObjectStyle"
 *    or "Cayenne", nor may "ObjectStyle" or "Cayenne" appear in their
 *    names without prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
 * DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OBJECTSTYLE GROUP OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF
 * USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
 * ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
 * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 * 
 * 
 * This software consists of voluntary contributions made by many
 * individuals and hosted on ObjectStyle Group web site.  For more
 * information on the ObjectStyle Group, please see
 * <http://objectstyle.org/>.
 */

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.lang.reflect.Member;
import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;
import java.net.URL;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Comparator;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParser;
import javax.xml.parsers.SAXParserFactory;


import org.xml.sax.SAXException;
import org.xml.sax.XMLReader;

/**
 * Contains various unorganized static utility methods used across Cayenne.
 * 
 * @author Andrei Adamchik
 */
public class Util {
  /**
   * Looks up and returns the root cause of an exception. If none is found, returns
   * supplied Throwable object unchanged. If root is found, recursively "unwraps" it,
   * and returns the result to the user.
   */
  public static Throwable unwindException(Throwable th) {
      if (th instanceof SAXException) {
          SAXException sax = (SAXException) th;
          if (sax.getException() != null) {
              return unwindException(sax.getException());
          }
      }
      else if (th instanceof SQLException) {
          SQLException sql = (SQLException) th;
          if (sql.getNextException() != null) {
              return unwindException(sql.getNextException());
          }
      }
      else if (th.getCause() != null) {
          return unwindException(th.getCause());
      }

      return th;
  }
}










6.23.Exception
6.23.1.Error Handling
6.23.2.Types of Exceptions
6.23.3.Java's Unchecked RuntimeException Subclasses
6.23.4.Java's Checked Exceptions Defined in java.lang
6.23.5.Throwing an Exception from a Method
6.23.6.Write a catch block that handles java.lang.Exception
6.23.7.Handling Exceptions
6.23.8.Multiple catch Blocks
6.23.9.The finally Block
6.23.10.Exception Objects: stack trace
6.23.11.Defining Your Own Exceptions, Throwing Your Own Exception
6.23.12.Demonstrate exception chaining.
6.23.13.Getting the Stack Trace of an Exception
6.23.14.Put printStackTrace() into a String: redirect the StackTrace to a String with a StringWriter/PrintWriter
6.23.15.Check whether given exception is compatible with the exceptions declared in a throws clause
6.23.16.Convert an exception to a String with full stack trace
6.23.17.Get Deepest Throwable
6.23.18.Get the stack trace of the supplied exception.
6.23.19.Is Checked Exception
6.23.20.Locates a particular type of exception
6.23.21.Make a string representation of the exception
6.23.22.Print all of the thread's information and stack traces
6.23.23.Return stack trace from the passed exception as a string
6.23.24.Returns the root cause of an exception
6.23.25.Create a new Exception, setting the cause if possible.
6.23.26.Returns the output of printStackTrace as a String.
6.23.27.This program creates a custom exception type.
6.23.28.Utility methods for dealing with stack traces